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Minimisation of the wind perturbations impact on the generation of electricity by variable speed wind turbines

Abstract : Wind energy is seriously growing in response to environmental problems of traditional energy sources and aerogenerator technological improvements. The part of this kind of energy is each day more important in windy regions. Thus, the wind turbine power quality impact on the grid increases.Moreover, wind energy cost is still too high to compete with traditional sources on less windy sites. More intelligence can be introduced into wind turbine control to resolve these problems. This control must be done taking into account the whole wind turbine behaviour. Perturbations from wind have to be also considered. The thesis objective is to design control laws of a pitch regulated variable speed wind turbine, taking into account winf pertubations and four optimisation criterions. These criterions are: improvements of the power quality supply, of the energetic efficiency and of the control robustness ans reduction of the aeogenerator drive-train fatigue loads. There are simulation models allowing the study of wind turbine control laws, but wind perturbations impact on the whole system is not generally considered with high precision. Here, a pitch regulated variable speed wind turbine simulation model is presented. Interaction between wind and wind turbine is accurately examinated. This simulation model has been validated with real data of a 180 kW aerogenerator and with information from some papers. A pitch regulated variable speed wind turbine has different operating zones. Here, three zones are studied: One corresponding to mediam wind speeds where turbine rotational speed is variable, the second related to higher speeds where aerogenerator rotates at nominal speed and the last related to wind speeds where the poer captured by the turbine is limited with pitch control. Beside wind turbine genral control strategy, different control designs are examinated in each zone. Linear models allowing to study the system dynamical behaviour are obtained on different operating points from the non-linear simulation model. Some of these models are used as control models . Robust numerical regulators are synthesised in each operating zone. These regulators are then tested on the simulation model. Different controls are compared observing their behaviour in relation to the four control criterions linked to the thesis objective. A simulation model is pratical to test control laws, but it is better to run also trials of these laws on a test bench before implementing them on a real wind turbine. Here, the aerogeneraor studied is the thesis is emulated on a 15 kW test bench. After this, experimental trials are realides on this bench. The results in simulation and test bench trials show that advanced control laws improving the behaviour of a pitch regulated variable speed wind turbine.
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 17, 2008 - 8:00:00 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 17, 2008 - 8:00:00 AM
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  • HAL Id : pastel-00000679, version 1



Haritza Camblong. Minimisation of the wind perturbations impact on the generation of electricity by variable speed wind turbines. Engineering Sciences [physics]. Arts et Métiers ParisTech, 2003. English. ⟨NNT : 2003ENAM0022⟩. ⟨pastel-00000679⟩



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