Justice distributive : opinions, jugements et choix individuels.

Abstract : This work consists of a collection of empirical studies about distributive justice. The object of the work is to study individuals' views on how scarce resources should be distributed in the society. Individuals' preferences are either elicited as beliefs and judgments or observed as behaviors in a number of distributive contexts. We are both interested in revealing the individuals' conceptions of justice and in understanding the rationales behind distributive choices. In the first part, we study the entitlement to priority rights in the context of trasferts between generations (bequests and retirement) and in the context of health care. The framework used in the second part deals with situations where a trade-off exists between one's own private interest and the others' one. In particular, this trade-off is analysed with respect to the issue of redistributive public policies and in a context of bargaining occurring between agents with asymetric claims. Throughout we assume that individuals take distributive decisions or express distributional judgments, by taking into consideration broader reasons than their personal material interest. We consider more specifically fairness and reciprocity rationales. The assumptions are validated through empirical evidence.
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Romina Boarini. Justice distributive : opinions, jugements et choix individuels.. Sociologie. Ecole Polytechnique X, 2004. Français. ⟨pastel-00000947⟩

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