Nouvelles techniques de thérapie ultrasonore et de monitoring

Abstract : High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) is a promising technique for the treatment of localized cancers. The ability to focus ultrasound precisely on a predetermined volume allows the possibility of selective tissue destruction at this position without damage to surrounding tissues. However, many difficulties remain in the treatment of deep-seated tumors. In this thesis, new therapeutic and monitoring techniques are proposed to address these problems, by using phased arrays of ultrasound transducers. Two monitoring techniques based on the detection of the displacements of the ultrasonic speckle are developed, and allowed us to image the changes in the temperature and the shear modulus during HIFU therapy. In-vitro ultrasound-guided experiments are performed. Secondly, the problem of organs motion during the treatment is addressed. A method for real-time tracking the 3D motion of tissues is combined with a 2D High Intensity Focused Ultrasound multi-channel system in order to correct the respiratory motion during HIFU therapies. In the last section of this thesis, a high power ultrasonic system is developed for transcranial HIFU brain therapy. The skulls aberrations are corrected using a time reversal mirror thanks to an implanted hydrophone. In-vivo experiments are conducted on 22 sheep with minimally invasive surgery. Finally, a non-invasive protocol based on CT scans of the entire skull is developed and allows the prediction of the skulls aberrations and the skull overheating.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 10, 2005 - 8:00:00 AM
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  • HAL Id : pastel-00000992, version 1

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Mathieu Pernot. Nouvelles techniques de thérapie ultrasonore et de monitoring. Physique [physics]. Université Paris-Diderot - Paris VII, 2004. Français. ⟨pastel-00000992⟩

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