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Coupling between permeability and damage in concrete

Stefano Dal Pont 
Abstract : Due to its technical and economical advantages, concrete is nowadays the most used building material in civil engineering. Even if its use is known since nearly two centuries, its behavior has not been yet completely explained due to the complexity of its porous microstructure. This fact is quite evident under particular conditions such as, by instance, during an elevation of temperature. This condition can mainly occur in two cases: due to a casualty (e.g. a fire) or in normal use conditions (e.g. storage of nuclear rejects). This work aims at contributing to the study of the phenomena that can be observed in concrete exposed to high temperatures and, in particular, focuses on the study of the evolution of intrinsic permeability. The characterisation of permeability (which is hardly measurable in hot conditions) is necessary for describing and modelling transport phenomena which occur in porous media. An experimental study has been made in collaboration with the CEA. A real-scale hollow cylinder has been instrumented with gauges for studying the evolution of temperature and gas pressure fields inside concrete. Later, the cylinder has been then numerically modelled by means of a thermo-hydro-chemical (THC) and a thermo-hydro-chemo-mechanical (THCM) model. The THC model, implemented by means of the finite volume method, has allowed a first, qualitative study of the behaviour of concrete submitted to high temperature. This model, which, for sake of simplicity, has neglected all mechanical effects, has allowed the description of the main phenomena occurring inside concrete: mass transport, phase changes, microstructure evolution. Later, the modelling has been completed by means of the THCM model using the Hitecosp code, implemented by means of the finite element method at the university of Padua. This code allows a very complete description of the phenomena occurring inside concrete and takes into consideration the mechanical behavior of concrete by means of an elastic constitutive law. Total damage is also taken into account. A comparison between experimental data and numerical results has allowed the proposition of a law describing the evolution of permeability as a function of total damage.
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Submitted on : Friday, January 28, 2005 - 8:00:00 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, January 23, 2019 - 5:00:05 PM
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  • HAL Id : pastel-00001001, version 1



Stefano Dal Pont. Coupling between permeability and damage in concrete. Engineering Sciences [physics]. Ecole des Ponts ParisTech, 2004. English. ⟨pastel-00001001⟩



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