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Etude expérimentale de la propagation et du dépôt d'énergie d'électrons rapides dans une cible solide ou comprimée par choc laser: application à l'allumeur rapide.

Abstract : In the fast ignitor scheme, a recent approach proposed for the inertial confinement fusion, the idea is to dissociate the fuel ignition phase from its compression. The ignition phase would be then achieved by means of an external energy source : a fast electron beam generated by the interaction with an ultra-intense laser. The main goal of this work is to study the mechanisms of the hot electron energy transfer to the compressed fuel. We intent in particular to study the role of the electric and collisionnal effects involved in the hot electron propagation in a medium with properties similar to the compressed fuel. We carried out two experiments, one at the VULCAN laser facility (England) and the second one at the new LULI 100 TW laser (France). During the first experiment, we obtained the first results on the hot electron propagation in a dense and hot plasma. The innovating aspect of this work was in particular the use of the laser-shock technique to generate high pressures, allowing the strongly correlated and degenerated plasma to be created. The role of the electric and magnetic effects due to the space charge associated with the fast electron beam has been investigated in the second experiment. Here we studied the propagation in materials with different electrical characteristics: an insulator and a conductor. The analysis of the results showed that only by taking into account simultaneously the two propagation mechanisms (collisions and electric effects) a correct treatment of the energy deposition is possible. We also showed the importance of taking into account the induced modifications due to the electrons beam crossing the target, especially the induced heating.
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https://pastel.archives-ouvertes.fr/pastel-00001022
Contributor : Ecole Polytechnique <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, July 27, 2010 - 10:13:22 AM
Last modification on : Friday, July 31, 2020 - 9:22:02 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, October 28, 2010 - 11:24:41 AM

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  • HAL Id : pastel-00001022, version 1

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Francesca Pisani. Etude expérimentale de la propagation et du dépôt d'énergie d'électrons rapides dans une cible solide ou comprimée par choc laser: application à l'allumeur rapide.. Electrons fortement corrélés [cond-mat.str-el]. Ecole Polytechnique X, 2000. Français. ⟨pastel-00001022⟩

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