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Vers une critique de la raison quantique: les approches transcendantales en mécanique quantique.

Abstract : The thesis explores the transcendental interpretations of quantum mechanics, focusing on the differences between the constitution of objects in classical mechanics and in quantum mechanics. Firstly, the requirement of objectivity in Kant's epistemology is analyzed considering the problem of constitution of matter. Secondly, the radical changes introduced by quantum physics are examined to understand whether Kant's transcendental philosophy is still viable. An overview of different transcendental approaches is presented showing the modulations of a priori principles to account for the quantum mechanics objectification problem. Finally, a transcendental pragmatic interpretation is supported. The main task is to give a philosophical justification for the intersubjective dimension of quantum objectivity. The inquiry into the transcendental conditions converges to the pragmatic conditions for the use of quantum concepts. The role of ordinary language in quantum context, emphasized by Bohr, is evaluated within the framework of the linguistic turn in the post-Wittgenstein philosophy. This thesis defends and motivates the shift of transcendental conditions of knowledge from subjective conditions of the understanding (in Kant's sense) to intersubjective conditions of language. The shift itself is based on Bohr's complementarity interpretation.
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https://pastel.archives-ouvertes.fr/pastel-00001163
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 27, 2010 - 12:06:42 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, January 23, 2019 - 10:29:07 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, October 28, 2010 - 11:28:20 AM

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Patricia Kauark-Leite. Vers une critique de la raison quantique: les approches transcendantales en mécanique quantique.. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Ecole Polytechnique X, 2004. Français. ⟨pastel-00001163⟩

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