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L'équité de l'allocation initiale des permis d'émission négociables de gaz à effet de serre entre entreprises: un éclairage du choix public par la philosophie morale et l'analyse économique.

Abstract : In order to reduce the risk of global warming at the lowest possible cost, a European directive foresees the implementation of a tradable emission permits scheme, but where each country may choose its own method for allocating permits among domestic firms. The perfect permits market is an interesting tool of environmental policy. But which criteria should be used to determine the initial allocation? One of the most relevant criteria is equity. The thesis explores what equity means in this context, with reference to the contributions of moral and political philosophy, more specifically theories of justice, taking account of two important aspects of this problem: (1) the allocated good has some special characteristics, namely the tradeability, (2) the agents that receive the good are firms and not the usual mora! l entity of individuals. In the first part, the thesis examines, through economic analysis, the functioning of a competitive permits market, and identifies the impacts, both in terms of pollution and production firm's decisions in different contexts, and entry or exit decisions. In the second part, the thesis refers to theories of justice. The work consists of proving their relevance, showing that a firm can be considered as a moral entity, and so has rights and duties. Therefore, we adapt the reasoning used by theories to this entity. We develop the idea of the right of "equality of chances to express its competitiveness". It is in the tension between this right and the duty to submit to this environmental policy that the equitable allocation can be found.
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https://pastel.archives-ouvertes.fr/pastel-00001199
Contributor : Ecole Polytechnique <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, July 27, 2010 - 12:13:47 PM
Last modification on : Monday, October 19, 2020 - 11:12:41 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, October 28, 2010 - 11:30:04 AM

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  • HAL Id : pastel-00001199, version 1

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Alexia Leseur. L'équité de l'allocation initiale des permis d'émission négociables de gaz à effet de serre entre entreprises: un éclairage du choix public par la philosophie morale et l'analyse économique.. Economies et finances. Ecole Polytechnique X, 2004. Français. ⟨pastel-00001199⟩

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