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Approche micromécanique de la rupture et de la fissuration dans les géomatériaux

Abstract : This study deals with physical nonlinearities of geomaterials through a micromechanical approach. The frictional character of these materials needs to adapt the nonlinear homogenization techniques. Various methods for the determination of macroscopic strength criteria are elaborated. The limit states of a medium made up with a frictional matrix are found out depending on the nature of the flow rule (involving dilatancy or not). A micromechanical theory of poroplasticity is then built. It casts a new light on the existence of a poroplastic effective stress. It is proved that, in the case of a frictional matrix, no effective stress can be found. The nonlinearities due to the presence of frictional cracks are finally tackled. The impact of the flow rule governing the (possibly dilating) crack displacement jump and that of the damage propagation on the macroscopic behavior are highlighted.
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https://pastel.archives-ouvertes.fr/pastel-00001296
Contributor : Ecole Des Ponts Paristech <>
Submitted on : Monday, June 20, 2005 - 8:00:00 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, December 13, 2018 - 5:06:08 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, July 12, 2010 - 9:18:41 PM

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Jean-François Barthelemy. Approche micromécanique de la rupture et de la fissuration dans les géomatériaux. Engineering Sciences [physics]. Ecole des Ponts ParisTech, 2005. English. ⟨pastel-00001296⟩

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