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Experimental study and numerical simulation of iron oxide scales mechanical behavior in hot rolling

Abstract : Hot rolling of steels represents one of the most critical steps to achieve finished products with high surface quality. The increasing productivity added to the rising customer requirements result in more and more severe scheduling rules for the HSM. Strip surface aspect is very important in terms of HSM operation costs and productivity limitation. Among all surface defects, the most crippling comes from the oxide scale formed at the surface of the steel during the hot rolling, at the entry of the finishing mill (last part of the hot strip mill): the secondary scale, mechanical behaviour of which is still poorly known. The secondary scale may fracture under the stresses imposed by the successive rolling passes, and can be embedded in the steel strip surface: this defect is called "rolled-in scale defect". In addition, the extrusion of the subjacent metal inside the oxide cracks induces large local modifications of friction and heat transfer conditions. Consequently, a precise description of oxide scale deformation mechanisms is necessary to better define the boundary conditions in a roll bite and to better understand the initiation mechanisms of rolled-in scale defects. Our scientific objective is then to provide a realistic physical and numerical model to simulate the oxide scale flow in the roll bite and in particular, its damage. After the presentation of the industrial process and the context of this study, the physical and mechanical properties of the oxide scale in the finishing mill are investigated. We introduce the Forge2® finite element software, selected for this study to simulate the oxide scale behaviour in a finishing mill stand. The numerical developments performed to simulate the different kinds of oxide damage are described. Three mechanical tests have been selected to approach the solicitations undergone by the oxide scale at the entry of the roll gap, suspected to be critical for damage: the 4-point hot bending test, the hot tension test and the hot plane strain compression test. A numerical study is performed in parallel. Based on constitutive data obtained from these three mechanical tests, the mechanical description of a rolling stand is sufficient for satisfactory simulation of the industrial process.
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Submitted on : Monday, August 22, 2005 - 8:00:00 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 24, 2020 - 5:22:54 PM
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  • HAL Id : pastel-00001360, version 1

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Benjamin Picque. Experimental study and numerical simulation of iron oxide scales mechanical behavior in hot rolling. Engineering Sciences [physics]. École Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2004. English. ⟨pastel-00001360⟩

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