E. J. Alexander, D. E. Hurwitz, and T. P. Andriacchi, 23 Effect of synchronization error between force and position data in moment calculations, Gait & Posture, vol.5, issue.2, p.177, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0966-6362(97)83420-0

P. Allard, R. Lachance, R. Aissaoui, and M. Duhaime, Simultaneous bilateral 3-D able-bodied gait, Human Movement Science, vol.15, issue.3, pp.327-346, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/0167-9457(96)00004-8

F. J. Alonso, J. M. Castillo, and P. Pintado, Application of singular spectrum analysis to the smoothing of raw kinematic signals, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.38, issue.5, pp.1085-1092, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2004.05.031

J. Apkarian, S. Naumann, and B. Cairns, A three-dimensional kinematic and dynamic model of the lower limb, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.22, issue.2, pp.143-55, 1989.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(89)90037-7

A. P. Arya, A. Lees, H. C. Nirula, and L. Klenerman, A biomechanical comparison of the SACH, Seattle and Jaipur feet using ground reaction forces, Prosthet Orthot Int, vol.19, issue.1, pp.37-45, 1995.

R. Baker, Pelvic angles: a mathematically rigorous definition which is consistent with a conventional clinical understanding of the terms, Gait & Posture, vol.13, issue.1, pp.1-6, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0966-6362(00)00083-7

A. Bardot, C. Anrigo-peyron, and W. Houradou, Traitement chirurgical des moignons défecteux. Appareillage des membres inférieurs, pp.61-64

J. J. Barrault, C. Nabitz, F. Vidal, J. Godebout, and J. E. Ster, Place et technique de rééducation chez l'amputé. Appareillage des membres inférieurs, pp.104-111

A. Bartonek, H. Saraste, M. Eriksson, L. Knutson, and A. G. Cresswell, Upper body movement during walking in children with lumbo???sacral myelomeningocele, Gait & Posture, vol.15, issue.2, pp.120-129, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0966-6362(01)00147-3

A. Baudoin, W. Skalli, and D. Mitton, An accurate pelvis axis system using a low dose X ray system, CAOS, 2006.

M. Benedetti, F. Catani, A. Leardini, E. Pignotti, and S. Giannini, Data management in gait analysis for clinical applications, Clinical Biomechanics, vol.13, issue.3, pp.204-215, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0268-0033(97)00041-7

G. Bergmann, F. Graichen, and A. Rohlmann, Hip joint loading during walking and running, measured in two patients, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.26, issue.8, pp.969-990, 1993.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(93)90058-M

T. F. Besier, D. L. Sturnieks, J. A. Alderson, and D. G. Lloyd, Repeatability of gait data using a functional hip joint centre and a mean helical knee axis, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.36, issue.8, pp.1159-1168, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(03)00087-3

S. Blumentritt, H. W. Scherer, J. W. Michael, and T. Schmalz, Transfemoral Amputees Walking on a Rotary Hydraulic Prosthetic Knee Mechanism: A Preliminary Report, JPO Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics, vol.10, issue.3, pp.61-70, 1998.
DOI : 10.1097/00008526-199801030-00005

M. F. Bobbert and H. C. Schamhardt, Accuracy of determining the point of force application with piezoelectric force plates, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.23, issue.7, pp.705-710, 1990.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(90)90169-4

M. F. Bobbert, H. C. Schamhardt, and B. M. Nigg, Calculation of vertical ground reaction force estimates during running from positional data, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.24, issue.12, pp.1095-105, 1991.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(91)90002-5

S. Boccardi, A. Pedotti, R. Rodano, and G. C. Santambrogio, Evaluation of muscular moments at the lower limb joints by an on-line processing of kinematic data and ground reaction, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.14, issue.1, pp.35-45, 1981.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(81)90078-6

F. Bonnel and L. Lamoudi, Amputations de cuisse. Appareillage des membres inférieurs, pp.47-52

X. Bonnet, H. Goujon, P. Michelutti, C. Lansade, P. Fodé et al., Comportement du??pied et??de??la??cheville au??cours de??la??marche de??sujets asymptomatiques, ITBM-RBM, vol.27, issue.2, pp.67-73, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.rbmret.2006.02.001

A. M. Boonstra, J. Schrama, V. Fidler, and W. H. Eisma, The gait of unilateral transfemoral amputees, Scand J Rehabil Med, vol.26, issue.4, pp.217-240, 1994.

A. M. Boonstra, J. M. Schrama, W. H. Eisma, A. L. Hof, and V. Fidler, Gait analysis of transfemoral amputee patients using prostheses with two different knee joints, Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol.77, issue.5, pp.515-535, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/S0003-9993(96)90044-1

B. Bresler and J. P. Frankel, The forces and moments in the leg during level walking, Transactions of the ASME, pp.27-36, 1950.

R. Burgess-limerick, B. Abernethy, and R. J. Neal, Relative phase quantifies interjoint coordination, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.26, issue.1, pp.91-94, 1993.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(93)90617-N

J. P. Callaghan, A. E. Patla, and S. M. Mcgill, Low back three-dimensional joint forces, kinematics, and kinetics during walking, Clinical Biomechanics, vol.14, issue.3, pp.203-216, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0268-0033(98)00069-2

A. Cappello, A. Cappozzo, L. Palombara, P. F. Lucchetti, L. Leardini et al., Multiple anatomical landmark calibration for optimal bone pose estimation, Human Movement Science, vol.16, issue.2-3, pp.259-274, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0167-9457(96)00055-3

A. Cappozzo, The forces and couples in the human trunk during level walking, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.16, issue.4, pp.265-277, 1983.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(83)90134-3

A. Cappozzo, Gait analysis methodology, Human Movement Science, vol.3, issue.1-2, pp.27-50, 1984.
DOI : 10.1016/0167-9457(84)90004-6

A. Cappozzo, F. Catani, U. D. Croce, and A. Leardini, Position and orientation in space of bones during movement: anatomical frame definition and determination, Clinical Biomechanics, vol.10, issue.4, pp.171-178, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0268-0033(95)91394-T

A. Cappozzo, F. Catani, A. Leardini, M. Benedetti, and U. D. Croce, Position and orientation in space of bones during movement: experimental artefacts, Clinical Biomechanics, vol.11, issue.2, pp.90-100, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/0268-0033(95)00046-1

A. Cappozzo, U. Della-croce, A. Leardini, and L. Chiari, Human movement analysis using stereophotogrammetry Part1 : theorical background, Gait and Posture, vol.21, pp.186-196, 2005.

A. Cappozzo, F. Figura, F. Gazzani, T. Leo, and M. Marchetti, Angular displacements in the upper body of AK amputees during level walking, Prosthetics and Orthotics International, vol.6, pp.131-138, 1982.

C. E. Chandler, C. E. Clauser, J. T. Mcconville, H. M. Reynolds, J. W. Young et al., Investigation of inertial properties of the human bodyAerospace Medical Research LaboratoryNormative data of knee joint motion and ground reaction forces in adult level walking, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.16, issue.3, pp.219-233, 1975.

C. K. Cheng, H. H. Chen, C. S. Chen, C. L. Chen, and C. Y. Chen, Segment inertial properties of Chinese adults determined from magnetic resonance imaging, Clinical Biomechanics, vol.15, issue.8, pp.15-559, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0268-0033(00)00016-4

L. Chèze, Comparison of different calculations of three-dimensional joint kinematics from video-based system data, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.33, issue.12, pp.1695-1699, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(00)00146-9

L. Cheze, B. J. Fregly, and J. Dimnet, A solidification procedure to facilitate kinematic analyses based on video system data, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.28, issue.7, pp.879-884, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(95)95278-D

L. Chiari, U. D. Croce, A. Leardini, and A. Cappozzo, Human movement analysis using stereophotogrammetry, Gait & Posture, vol.21, issue.2, pp.197-211, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2004.04.004

N. Chockalingam, G. Giakas, and A. Iossifidou, Do strain gauge force platforms need in situ correction?, Gait & Posture, vol.16, issue.3, pp.233-237, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0966-6362(02)00017-6

C. E. Clauser, J. T. Mcconville, J. W. Young, A. Cortes, E. Viosca et al., Weight, volume and center of mass of segments of the human bodyOptimisation of the prescription for trans-tibial (TT) amputees, Prosthet Orthot Int, vol.21, issue.3, pp.168-74, 1969.

J. Czerniecki and A. Gitter, Gait analysis in the amputee: Has it helped the amputee or contributed to the development of improved prosthetic components?, Gait & Posture, vol.4, issue.3, pp.258-268, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0966-6362(96)01073-9

F. De-almeida and E. Sapin, Etude technologique et clinique des genoux prothétiques et retentissement sur la marche de l'amputé fémoral, 2005.

D. Leva and P. , Adjustments to Zatsiorsky-Seluyanov's segment inertia parameters, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.29, issue.9, pp.1223-1230, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(95)00178-6

D. Croce, U. Camomilla, V. Leardini, A. Cappozzo, and A. , Femoral anatomical frame: assessment of various definitions, Medical Engineering & Physics, vol.25, issue.5, pp.425-431, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S1350-4533(03)00032-8

D. Croce, U. Cappozzo, and A. , A spot check for estimating stereophotogrammetric errors, Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing, vol.30, issue.3, pp.260-266, 2000.
DOI : 10.1007/BF02347045

D. Croce, U. Cappozzo, A. Kerrigan, and D. C. , Pelvis and lower limb anatomical landmark calibration precision and its propagation to bone geometry and joint angles, Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing, vol.27, issue.2, pp.155-161, 1999.
DOI : 10.1007/BF02513282

D. Croce, U. Leardini, A. Chiari, L. Cappozzo, and A. , Human movement analysis using stereophotogrammetry, Gait & Posture, vol.21, issue.2, pp.226-237, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2004.05.003

W. Dempster, M. Oh-devlin, L. B. Sinclair, D. Colman, J. Parsons et al., Space requirements of the seated operator Wright-Patterson Air Force Base,Patient preference and gait efficiency in a geriatric population with transfemoral amputation using a free-swinging versus a locked prosthetic knee joint, Arch Phys Med Rehabil, vol.83, issue.2, pp.246-255, 1955.

N. F. Doriot, O. Selva, O. Mejjad, D. Pasero, J. L. Piraux et al., Modélisation dynamique du membre inférieur pour l'estimation des forces articulaires et musculaires mises en jeu pendant la phase d'appui de la marche, ThèseVariations intra et interindividuelles de la mobilité pelvienne au cours de la marche du sujet sain, pp.592-600, 1995.

R. Dumas, R. Aissaoui, and J. A. De-guise, A 3D Generic Inverse Dynamic Method using Wrench Notation and Quaternion Algebra, Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, vol.16, issue.3, pp.159-66, 2004.
DOI : 10.1007/BF02441745

R. Dumas, R. Aissaoui, D. Mitton, W. Skalli, and J. A. De-guise, Personalized Body Segment Parameters From Biplanar Low-Dose Radiography, IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, vol.52, issue.10, pp.1756-63, 2005.
DOI : 10.1109/TBME.2005.855711

R. Dumas, E. Nicol, and L. Cheze, Influence of perturbed gait data on four 3D inverse dynamic methods. 9th international symposium on the 3D analysis of human movement, Human Movement Science, 2006.

C. Dundass, G. Z. Yao, and C. K. Mechefske, Initial Biomechanical Analysis and Modeling of Transfemoral Amputee Gait, JPO Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics, vol.15, issue.1, pp.20-26, 2003.
DOI : 10.1097/00008526-200301000-00006

J. L. Durkin and J. J. Dowling, Analysis of Body Segment Parameter Differences Between Four Human Populations and the Estimation Errors of Four Popular Mathematical Models, Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, vol.125, issue.4, pp.515-537, 2003.
DOI : 10.1115/1.1590359

Y. Ehara, M. Beppu, S. Nomura, Y. Kunimi, and S. Takahashi, Energy storing property of so-called energystoring prosthetic feet, Arch Phys Med Rehabil, vol.74, pp.68-72, 1993.

Y. Ehara, H. Fujimoto, S. Miyazaki, M. Mochimaru, S. Tanaka et al., Comparison of the performance of 3D camera systems II, Gait & Posture, vol.5, issue.3, pp.251-255, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0966-6362(96)01093-4

Y. Ehara, H. Fujimoto, S. Miyazaki, S. Tanaka, and S. Yamamoto, Comparison of the performance of 3D camera systems, Gait & Posture, vol.3, issue.3, pp.166-169, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0966-6362(95)99067-U

J. J. Eng and D. A. Winter, Kinetic analysis of the lower limbs during walking: What information can be gained from a three-dimensional model?, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.28, issue.6, pp.753-758, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(94)00124-M

A. L. Evans, G. Duncan, and W. Gilchrist, Recording accelerations in body movements, Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing, vol.6, issue.1, pp.102-104, 1991.
DOI : 10.1007/BF02446305

G. Fitzlaff, Lower limb prosthetic components, 2000.

S. Ganjikia, N. Duval, L. H. Yahia, and J. De-guise, Three-dimensional knee analyzer validation by simple fluoroscopic study, The Knee, vol.7, issue.4, pp.221-231, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0968-0160(00)00063-6

K. J. Ganley and C. M. Powers, Determination of lower extremity anthropometric parameters using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry: the influence on net joint moments during gait, Clinical Biomechanics, vol.19, issue.1, pp.50-56, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2003.08.002

M. D. Geil, Energy Loss and Stiffness Properties of Dynamic Elastic Response Prosthetic Feet, JPO Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics, vol.13, issue.3, p.70, 2001.
DOI : 10.1097/00008526-200109000-00011

M. D. Geil, An iterative method for viscoelastic modeling of prosthetic feet, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.35, issue.10, pp.1405-1415, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(02)00169-0

H. Gerber, M. Zihlmann, M. Foresti, and E. Stüssi, Method to simultaneously measure 3D kinematic and kinetic data during normal level walking using KISTLER force plates, VICON System and video-fluoroscopy. 9th international symposium on the 3D analysis of human movement, Human Movement Science, 2006.

G. Giakas and V. Baltzopoulos, A comparison of automatic filtering techniques applied to biomechanical walking data, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.30, issue.8, pp.847-850, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(97)00042-0

G. Giakas and V. Baltzopoulos, Optimal digital filtering requires a different cut-off frequency strategy for the determination of the higher derivatives, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.30, issue.9, pp.851-855, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(97)82891-6

G. Giakas, V. Baltzopoulos, and R. M. Bartlett, Improved extrapolation techniques in recursive digital filtering, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.31, issue.1, pp.87-91, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(97)98097-0

G. Giakas, L. K. Stergioulas, and A. Vourdas, Time-frequency analysis and filtering of kinematic signals with impacts using the Wigner function: accurate estimation of the second derivative, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.33, issue.5, pp.567-574, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(99)00216-X

C. Gillet, J. Duboy, F. Barbier, S. Armand, R. Jeddi et al., Contribution of Accelerated Body Masses to Able-Bodied Gait, American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, vol.82, issue.2, pp.101-110, 2003.
DOI : 10.1097/00002060-200302000-00004

C. Gillet, J. Duboy, F. Barbier, S. Armand, R. Jeddi et al., Contribution of Accelerated Body Masses to Able-Bodied Gait, American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, vol.82, issue.2, pp.101-109, 2003.
DOI : 10.1097/00002060-200302000-00004

A. Gitter, J. M. Czerniecki, and D. M. Degroot, BIOMECHANICAL ANALYSIS OF THE INFLUENCE OF PROSTHETIC FEET ON BELOW-KNEE AMPUTEE WALKING, American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, vol.70, issue.3, pp.142-150, 1991.
DOI : 10.1097/00002060-199106000-00006

N. Golyandina and D. Stepanov, SSA-based approches to analysis and forecast of multidimensional time series, Proceedings of the fifth Worshop on Simulation, pp.293-298, 2005.

F. Gottschalk, Transfemoral Amputation, Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol.361, pp.15-22, 1999.
DOI : 10.1097/00003086-199904000-00003

F. Gottschalk and M. Stills, The biomechanics of transfemoral amputation, Prosthetics and Orthotics International, vol.18, pp.12-17, 1994.

H. Goujon, X. Bonnet, P. Sautreuil, M. Maurisset, L. Darmon et al., A Functional Evaluation of Prosthetic Foot Kinematics During Lower-Limb Amputee Gait, Prosthetics and Orthotics International, vol.28, issue.2, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/S0966-6362(98)00016-2

C. S. Gregersen and M. L. Hull, Non-driving intersegmental knee moments in cycling computed using a model that includes three-dimensional kinematics of the shank/foot and the effect of simplifying assumptions, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.36, issue.6, pp.803-816, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(03)00014-9

E. S. Grood and W. J. Suntay, A Joint Coordinate System for the Clinical Description of Three-Dimensional Motions: Application to the Knee, Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, vol.105, issue.2, pp.136-180, 1983.
DOI : 10.1115/1.3138397

C. Gueret, A. Corté, B. J. Hafner, J. E. Sanders, J. Czerniecki et al., Analyse cinématique et cinétique 3D de la marche chez les sujets asymptomatiques Rapport de Projet de Fin d'Etudes.Ecole Nationale Supérieure d'Arts et Métiers ParisEnergy storage and return prostheses : does patient perception correlate with biomechanical analysis, Clinical Biomechanics, vol.17, pp.325-344, 2002.

N. Hagemeister, G. Parent, M. Van-de-putte, N. St-onge, N. Duval et al., A reproducible method for studying three-dimensional knee kinematics, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.38, issue.9, pp.1926-1931, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2005.05.013

M. G. Hall, H. E. Fleming, M. J. Dolan, S. F. Millbank, and J. P. Paul, Static in situ calibration of force plates, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.29, issue.5, p.659, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(95)00109-3

T. Hattori, Body up-down acceleration in kinematic gait analysis in comparison with the vertical ground reaction force, Biomed Mater Eng, vol.8, pp.3-4, 1998.

H. Hatze, A mathematical model for the computational determination of parameter values of anthropomorphic segments, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.13, issue.10, pp.833-876, 1980.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(80)90171-2

D. G. Heiss and G. Pagnacco, Effect of center of pressure and trunk center of mass optimization methods on the analysis of whole body lifting mechanics, Clinical Biomechanics, vol.17, issue.2, pp.17-106, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0268-0033(01)00114-0

M. Henriksen, H. Lund, R. Moe-nilssen, H. Bliddal, and B. Danneskiod-samsoe, Test???retest reliability of trunk accelerometric gait analysis, Gait & Posture, vol.19, issue.3, pp.288-297, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/S0966-6362(03)00069-9

R. N. Hinrichs and . Chandler, Regression equations to predict segmental moments of inertia from anthropometric measurements: An extension of the data of Chandler et al. (1975), Journal of Biomechanics, vol.18, issue.8, pp.621-625, 1975.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(85)90016-8

J. P. Holden, J. A. Orsini, K. L. Siegel, T. M. Kepple, L. H. Gerber et al., Surface movement errors in shank kinematics and knee kinetics during gait, Gait & Posture, vol.5, issue.3, pp.217-227, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0966-6362(96)01088-0

J. P. Holden, W. Scott-selbie, and S. J. Stanhope, A proposed test to support the clinical movement analysis laboratory accreditation process, Gait & Posture, vol.17, issue.3, pp.205-213, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0966-6362(02)00088-7

J. P. Holden and S. J. Stanhope, The effect of variation in knee center location estimates on net knee joint moments, Gait & Posture, vol.7, issue.1, pp.1-6, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0966-6362(97)00026-X

J. Houck, H. J. Yack, and T. Cuddeford, Validity and comparisons of tibiofemoral orientations and displacement using a femoral tracking device during early to mid stance of walking, Gait & Posture, vol.19, issue.1, pp.76-84, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/S0966-6362(03)00033-X

A. R. Ismail and S. S. Asfour, Discrete wavelet transform: a tool in smoothing kinematic data, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.32, issue.3, pp.317-321, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(98)00171-7

S. M. Jaegers, J. H. Arendzen, and H. J. De-jongh, Changes in Hip Muscles After Above-Knee Amputation, Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol.&NA;, issue.319, pp.276-84, 1995.
DOI : 10.1097/00003086-199510000-00030

S. M. Jaegers, J. H. Arendzen, and H. J. De-jongh, Prosthetic gait of unilateral transfemoral amputees: A kinematic study, Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol.76, issue.8, pp.736-779, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/S0003-9993(95)80528-1

S. M. Jaegers, J. H. Arendzen, and H. J. De-jongh, An Electromyographic Study of the Hip Muscles of Transfemoral Amputees in Walking, Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol.328, issue.328, pp.119-147, 1996.
DOI : 10.1097/00003086-199607000-00020

M. P. Kadaba, H. K. Ramakrishnan, and M. E. Wootten, Measurement of lower extremity kinematics during level walking, Journal of Orthopaedic Research, vol.15, issue.3, pp.383-92, 1990.
DOI : 10.1002/jor.1100080310

M. P. Kadaba, H. K. Ramakrishnan, M. E. Wootten, J. Gainey, G. Gorton et al., Repeatability of kinematic, kinetic, and electromyographic data in normal adult gait, Journal of Orthopaedic Research, vol.65, issue.6, pp.849-60, 1989.
DOI : 10.1002/jor.1100070611

J. J. Kavanagh, R. S. Barrett, and S. Morrison, Upper body accelerations during walking in healthy young and elderly men, Gait & Posture, vol.20, issue.3, pp.291-298, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2003.10.004

J. J. Kavanagh, S. Morrison, D. A. James, and R. Barrett, Reliability of segmental accelerations measured using a new wireless gait analysis system, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.39, issue.15
DOI : 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2005.09.012

I. Kingma, M. P. De-looze, H. M. Toussaint, H. G. Klijnsma, and T. B. Bruijnen, Validation of a full body 3-D dynamic linked segment model, Human Movement Science, vol.15, issue.6, pp.833-860, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/S0167-9457(96)00034-6

I. Kingma, H. M. Toussaint, D. A. Commissaris, M. J. Hoozemans, and M. J. Ober, Optimizing the determination of the body center of mass, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.28, issue.9, pp.1137-1179, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(94)00164-Y

I. Kingma, H. M. Toussaint, M. P. De-looze, and J. H. Van-dieen, Segment inertial parameter evaluation in two anthropometric models by application of a dynamic linked segment model, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.29, issue.5, pp.693-704, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(95)00086-0

R. M. Kiss, L. Kocsis, and Z. Knoll, Joint kinematics and spatial???temporal parameters of gait measured by an ultrasound-based system, Medical Engineering & Physics, vol.26, issue.7, pp.611-620, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.medengphy.2004.04.002

C. L. Koerhuis, J. C. Winters, F. C. Van-der-helm, and A. L. Hof, Neck mobility measurement by means of the ???Flock of Birds??? electromagnetic tracking system, Clinical Biomechanics, vol.18, issue.1, pp.14-18, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0268-0033(02)00146-8

B. Krabbe, R. Farkas, and W. Baumann, Influence of inertia on intersegment moments of the lower extremity joints, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.30, issue.5, pp.517-526, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(96)00186-8

M. Kubo, K. G. Holt, E. Saltzman, and R. C. Wagenaar, Changes in axial stiffness of the trunk as a function of walking speed, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.39, issue.4
DOI : 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2004.12.024

M. Lafiandra, K. G. Holt, R. C. Wagenaar, and J. P. Obusek, Transverse plane kinetics during treadmill walking with and without a load, Clinical Biomechanics, vol.17, issue.2, pp.116-122, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0268-0033(01)00113-9

M. Lafiandra, R. C. Wagenaar, K. G. Holt, and J. P. Obusek, How do load carriage and walking speed influence trunk coordination and stride parameters?, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.36, issue.1, pp.87-95, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(02)00243-9

M. A. Lafortune, P. R. Cavanagh, H. J. Sommer, and A. Kalenak, Three-dimensional kinematics of the human knee during walking, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.25, issue.4, pp.347-357, 1992.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(92)90254-X

M. Lagarde, F. Pourchier, and T. Maury, Etude de la précision d'une plateforme de force Rapport de Projet de Fin d'Etudes.Ecole Nationale Supérieure d'Arts et Métiers Paris Lanot, AAnalyse dynamique de la marche de l'amputé fémoral, 2006.

C. Lansade and P. H. Fodé, Modélisation géométrique 3D du moignon de l'amputé fémoral à l'aide d'EOSOn practical evaluation of differentiation techniques for human gait analysis, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.15, issue.2, pp.99-105, 1982.

A. Leardini, M. G. Benedetti, F. Catani, L. Simoncini, and S. Giannini, An anatomically based protocol for the description of foot segment kinematics during gait, Clinical Biomechanics, vol.14, issue.8, pp.528-536, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0268-0033(99)00008-X

A. Leardini, A. Cappozzo, F. Catani, S. Toksvig-larsen, A. Petitto et al., Validation of a functional method for the estimation of hip joint centre location, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.32, issue.1, pp.99-103, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(98)00148-1

A. Leardini, L. Chiari, U. D. Croce, and A. Cappozzo, Human movement analysis using stereophotogrammetry, Gait & Posture, vol.21, issue.2, pp.212-225, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2004.05.002

W. Lee, L. Frossard, K. Hagberg, E. Haggstrom, L. Gow et al., Direct Measurmenet of 3D Force and Moment on Lower-Limb Osseointergrated Fixation, Human Movement Science, 2006.

G. Legnani, F. Casalo, P. Righettini, and B. Zappa, A homogeneous matrix approach to 3D kinematics and dynamics???II. Applications to chains of rigid bodies and serial manipulators, Mechanism and Machine Theory, vol.31, issue.5, pp.589-605, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/0094-114X(95)00101-4

G. Legnani, F. Casolo, P. Righettini, and B. Zappa, A homogeneous matrix approach to 3D kinematics and dynamics ??? I. Theory, Mechanism and Machine Theory, vol.31, issue.5, pp.573-587, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/0094-114X(95)00100-D

J. F. Lehman, R. Price, S. Boswell-bessette, A. Dralle, K. Questad et al., Comprehensive analysis of energy storing prosthetic feet : flex foot and seattle foot versus standard SACH foot, Arch Phys Med Rehabil, vol.74, pp.1225-1231, 1993.

J. F. Lehmann, R. Price, S. Boswell-bessette, A. Dralle, and K. Questad, Comprehensive analysis of dynamic elastic response feet: Seattle ankle/lite foot versus SACH foot, Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol.74, issue.8, pp.853-61, 1993.
DOI : 10.1016/0003-9993(93)90013-Z

M. W. Lenhoff, T. J. Santner, J. C. Otis, M. G. Peterson, B. J. Williams et al., Bootstrap prediction and confidence bands: a superior statistical method for analysis of gait data, Gait & Posture, vol.9, issue.1, pp.10-17, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0966-6362(98)00043-5

J. Liu and T. E. Lockhart, Comparison of 3D joint moments using local and global inverse dynamics approaches among three different age groups, Gait & Posture, vol.23, issue.4, pp.480-485, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2005.06.011

T. W. Lu, O. Connor, and J. J. , Bone position estimation from skin marker co-ordinates using global optimisation with joint constraints, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.32, issue.2, pp.129-134, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(98)00158-4

L. Luchetti, A. Cappozzo, A. Cappello, D. Croce, and U. , Skin movement artefact assessment and compensation in the estimation of knee-joint kinematics, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.31, issue.11, pp.977-984, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(98)00083-9

B. A. Macwilliams, M. Cowley, and D. E. Nicholson, Foot kinematics and kinetics during adolescent gait, Gait & Posture, vol.17, issue.3, pp.214-224, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0966-6362(02)00103-0

M. Maître, A. Rouyer, M. Enjalbert, and J. Pelissier, Approche épidémiologique des amputés du membre inférieur. Amputation du membre inférieur-Appareillage et Réédication, pp.1-7, 1996.

K. Manal, I. Mcclay, J. Richards, B. Galinat, and S. Stanhope, Knee moment profiles during walking: errors due to soft tissue movement of the shank and the influence of the reference coordinate system, Gait & Posture, vol.15, issue.1, pp.10-17, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0966-6362(01)00174-6

F. Marin, Contribution biomécanique à l'étude de l'articulation fémoro-tibiale pendant la marche in vivo, Thèse de mécanique.Ecole Nationale Supérieure d'Arts et Métiers France, 2000.

F. Marin, J. Allain, A. Diop, N. Maurel, M. Simondi et al., On the estimation of knee joint kinematics, Human Movement Science, vol.18, issue.5, pp.613-626, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0167-9457(99)00024-X

P. Maurer, Amputations de cuisse. Encycl. Med-Chir, p.44106

P. Maurer, Amputations et désarticulations du membre inférieur, Encycl. Med-Chir. Paris. Techniques Chirurgicales

R. E. Mayagoitia, A. V. Nene, and P. H. Veltink, Accelerometer and rate gyroscope measurement of kinematics: an inexpensive alternative to optical motion analysis systems, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.35, issue.4, pp.537-542, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(01)00231-7

S. T. Mccaw and P. Devita, Errors in alignment of center of pressure and foot coordinates affect predicted lower extremity torques, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.28, issue.8, pp.985-993, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(94)00151-S

J. T. Mcconville and T. D. Churchill, Anthropometric relationships of body and body segment moments of inertia, 1980.

B. Mcdermott and S. Keane, Location of the hip joint centre using a functional method, Gait & Posture, vol.14, p.181, 2001.

A. Meichtry, J. Romkes, C. Gobelet, R. Brunner, and R. Muller, Criterion validity of 3D trunk accelerations to assess external work and power in able-bodied gait, Gait & Posture, vol.25, issue.1
DOI : 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2005.12.016

M. R. Menard, M. E. Mcbride, D. J. Sanderson, and D. D. Murray, Comparative biomechanical analysis of energystoring prosthetic feet, Arch Phys Med Rehabil, vol.73, pp.451-458, 1992.

M. R. Menard and D. D. Murray, Subjective and Objective Analysis of an Energy-Storing Prosthetic Foot, JPO Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics, vol.1, issue.4, pp.220-230, 1989.
DOI : 10.1097/00008526-198907000-00006

H. B. Menz, S. R. Lord, and R. C. Fitzpatrick, Acceleration patterns of the head and pelvis when walking on level and irregular surfaces, Gait & Posture, vol.18, issue.1, pp.35-46, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0966-6362(02)00159-5

S. B. Michaud, S. A. Gard, and D. S. Childress, A preliminary investigation of pelvic obliquity patterns during gait in persons with transtibial and transfemoral amputation, J Rehabil Res Dev, vol.37, issue.1, pp.1-10, 2000.

P. Michelutti and X. Bonnet, Analyse de la marche des amputés appareillés de membres inférieurs, 2004.

J. Middleton, P. Sinclair, and R. Patton, Accuracy of centre of pressure measurement using a piezoelectric force platform, Clinical Biomechanics, vol.14, issue.5, pp.357-360, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0268-0033(98)00079-5

N. Mizuno, T. Aoyama, A. Nakajima, T. Kasahara, K. et al., Functional evaluation by gait analysis of various ankle-foot assemblies used by below knee amputees, Prosthetics and Orthotics International, vol.16, pp.174-182, 1992.

R. Moe-nilssen, A new method for evaluating motor control in gait under real-life environmental conditions. Part 1: The instrument, Clinical Biomechanics, vol.13, issue.4-5, pp.4-5, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0268-0033(98)00089-8

R. Moe-nilssen, A new method for evaluating motor control in gait under real-life environmental conditions. Part 2: Gait analysis, Clinical Biomechanics, vol.13, issue.4-5, pp.4-5, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0268-0033(98)00090-4

R. Moe-nilssen and J. L. Helbostad, Estimation of gait cycle characteristics by trunk accelerometry, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.37, issue.1, pp.121-126, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(03)00233-1

M. Murray, A. Drought, and R. Kory, Walking Patterns of Normal Men, The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, vol.46, issue.2, pp.335-360, 1964.
DOI : 10.2106/00004623-196446020-00009

M. P. Murray, L. A. Mollinger, S. B. Sepic, G. M. Gardner, and M. T. Linder, Gait patterns in above-knee amputee patients: hydraulic swing control vs constant-friction knee components, Arch Phys Med Rehabil, vol.64, issue.8, pp.339-384, 1983.

A. Nagano, K. G. Gerritsen, and S. Fukashiro, A sensitivity analysis of the calculation of mechanical output through inverse dynamics: a computer simulation study, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.33, issue.10, pp.1313-1321, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(00)00086-5

T. C. Nguyen and R. Baker, Two methods of calculating thorax kinematics in children with myelomeningocele, Clinical Biomechanics, vol.19, issue.10, pp.1060-1065, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2004.07.004

L. Nolan and A. Lees, The functional demands on the intact limb during walking for active trans???femoral and trans???tibial amputees, Prosthetics and Orthotics International, vol.11, issue.3, pp.117-142, 2000.
DOI : 10.1080/03093640008726534

M. S. Orendurff, A. D. Segal, G. K. Klute, M. L. Mcdowell, J. A. Pecoraro et al., Gait efficiency using the C-Leg, The Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, vol.43, issue.2, pp.239-285, 2006.
DOI : 10.1682/JRRD.2005.06.0095

D. J. Pearsall and P. A. Costigan, The effect of segment parameter error on gait analysis results, Gait & Posture, vol.9, issue.3, pp.173-83, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0966-6362(99)00011-9

J. Perry, Gait Analysis, Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics, vol.12, issue.6, 1992.
DOI : 10.1097/01241398-199211000-00023

J. Perry, J. M. Burnfield, C. J. Newsam, and P. Conley, Energy expenditure and gait characteristics of bilateral amputee walking with C-Leg prosthesis compared with stubby and conventional articulating prostheses, Arch. Phys. Med. Rehabil, issue.10, pp.85-1711, 2004.

B. T. Peters, J. M. Haddad, B. C. Heiderscheit, R. E. Van-emmerik, and J. Hamill, Limitations in the use and interpretation of continuous relative phase, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.36, issue.2, pp.271-274, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(02)00341-X

J. C. Pezzack, R. W. Norman, and D. A. Winter, An assessment of derivative determining techniques used for motion analysis, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.10, issue.5-6, pp.5-6, 1977.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(77)90010-0

S. J. Piazza and P. R. Cavanagh, Measurement of the screw-home motion of the knee is sensitive to errors in axis alignment, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.33, issue.8, pp.1029-1063, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(00)00056-7

S. J. Piazza, N. Okita, and P. R. Cavanagh, Accuracy of the functional method of hip joint center location: effects of limited motion and varied implementation, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.34, issue.7, pp.967-973, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(01)00052-5

D. Popovic, M. N. Oguztoreli, and R. B. Stein, Optimal control for an above-knee prosthesis with two degrees of freedom, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.28, issue.1, pp.89-98, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(95)80010-7

K. Postema, H. J. Hermens, J. De-vries, H. F. Koopman, and W. H. Eisma, Energy storage and release of prosthetic feet Part1 : biomechanical analysis related to user benefits, Prosthet Orthot Int, vol.21, pp.17-27, 1997.

C. M. Powers, S. Rao, and J. Perry, Knee kinetics in trans-tibial amputee gait, Gait & Posture, vol.8, issue.1, pp.1-7, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0966-6362(98)00016-2

M. Rabuffetti, G. Baroni, M. Ferrarin, G. Ferrigno, and A. Pedotti, Self-marking of anatomical landmarks for on-orbit experimental motion analysis compared to expert direct-marking, Human Movement Science, vol.21, issue.4, pp.439-455, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0167-9457(02)00115-X

G. Rao, D. Amarantini, E. Berton, and D. Favier, Influence of body segments??? parameters estimation models on inverse dynamics solutions during gait, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.39, issue.8, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2005.04.014

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00091846

J. G. Richards, The measurement of human motion: A comparison of commercially available systems, Human Movement Science, vol.18, issue.5, pp.589-602, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0167-9457(99)00023-8

J. S. Rietman, K. Postema, and J. H. Geertzen, Gait analysis in prosthetics: Opinions, ideas and conclusions, Prosthetics and Orthotics International, vol.24, issue.1, pp.50-57, 2002.
DOI : 10.1080/03093640208726621

J. Sabolich, Contoured adducted trochanteric -controlled alignment method (cat-cam) : Introduction and basic principles, Clinical Prosthetics and Orthotics, vol.9, pp.15-26, 1985.

C. Sartor, G. Alderink, H. Greenwald, and L. Elders, Critical kinematic events occurring in the trunk during walking, Human Movement Science, vol.18, issue.5, pp.669-679, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0167-9457(99)00037-8

M. Sati, J. A. De-guise, S. Larouche, and G. Drouin, Improving in vivo knee kinematic measurements: application to prosthetic ligament analysis, The Knee, vol.3, issue.4, pp.179-190, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/S0968-0160(96)00209-8

M. Sati, J. A. De-guise, S. Larouche, and G. Drouin, Quantitative assessment of skin-bone movement at the knee, The Knee, vol.3, issue.3, pp.121-138, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/0968-0160(96)00210-4

T. Schmalz, S. Blumentritt, and R. Jarasch, Energy expenditure and biomechanical characteristics of lower limb amputee gait:, Gait & Posture, vol.16, issue.3, pp.255-63, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0966-6362(02)00008-5

M. Schmid, G. Beltrami, D. Zambarbieri, and G. Verni, Centre of pressure displacements in trans-femoral amputees during gait, Gait & Posture, vol.21, issue.3, pp.255-62, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2004.01.016

H. B. Schmiedmayer and J. Kastner, Parameters influencing the accuracy of the point of force application determined with piezoelectric force plates, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.32, issue.11, pp.1237-1242, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(99)00109-8

H. B. Schmiedmayer and J. Kastner, Enhancements in the Accuracy of the Center of Pressure (COP) Determined With Piezoelectric Force Plates Are Dependent on the Load Distribution, Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, vol.122, issue.5, pp.523-527, 2000.
DOI : 10.1115/1.1289687

C. M. Schuch and C. H. Pritham, Current Transfemoral Sockets, Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol.361, pp.48-54, 1999.
DOI : 10.1097/00003086-199904000-00007

M. H. Schwartz, J. P. Trost, and R. A. Wervey, Measurement and management of errors in quantitative gait data, Gait & Posture, vol.20, issue.2, pp.196-203, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2003.09.011

R. W. Selles, J. B. Bussmann, R. C. Wagenaar, and H. J. Stam, Effects of prosthetic mass and mass distribution on kinematics and energetics of prosthetic gait: A systematic review, Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol.80, issue.12, pp.1593-1602, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0003-9993(99)90336-2

R. W. Selles, S. Korteland, A. J. Van-soest, J. B. Bussmann, and H. J. Stam, Lower-leg inertial properties in transtibial amputees and control subjects and their influence on the swing phase during gait, Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol.84, issue.4, pp.569-577, 2003.
DOI : 10.1053/apmr.2003.50037

R. W. Selles, R. C. Wagenaar, T. H. Smit, and P. I. Wuisman, Disorders in trunk rotation during walking in patients with low back pain: a dynamical systems approach, Clinical Biomechanics, vol.16, issue.3, pp.175-181, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0268-0033(00)00080-2

R. E. Seroussi, A. Gitter, J. M. Czerniecki, and K. Weaver, Mechanical work adaptations of above-knee amputee ambulation, Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol.77, issue.11, pp.1209-1223, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/S0003-9993(96)90151-3

M. P. Silva and J. A. Ambrosio, Sensitivity of the results produced by the inverse dynamic analysis of a human stride to perturbed input data, Gait & Posture, vol.19, issue.1, pp.35-49, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/S0966-6362(03)00013-4

C. Sjödahl, G. B. Jarnlo, B. Söderberg, and B. M. Persson, Pelvic motion in trans-femoral amputees in the frontal and transverse plane before and after special gait re-education, Prosthetics and Orthotics International, vol.21, issue.3, pp.227-237, 2003.
DOI : 10.1053/apmr.2001.26812

C. Sjödahl, G. Jarnlo, B. Söderberg, and B. M. Persson, Kinematic and kinetic gait analysis in the sagittal plane of trans-femoral amputees before and after special gait re-education, Prosthetics and Orthotics International, vol.21, issue.2, pp.101-112, 2002.
DOI : 10.1080/03093640208726632

W. Skalli, F. Lavaste, and J. L. Descrimes, Quantification of Three-Dimensional Vertebral Rotations in Scoliosis: What Are the True Values?, Spine, vol.20, issue.5, pp.546-553, 1995.
DOI : 10.1097/00007632-199503010-00008

G. Smith, Padding point extrapolation techniques for the butterworth digital filter, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.22, issue.8-9, pp.967-971, 1989.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(89)90082-1

R. D. Snyder, C. M. Powers, C. Fontaine, and J. Perry, The effect of five prosthetic feet on the gait and loading of the sound limb in dysvascular below-knee amputees, Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, vol.32, issue.4, pp.309-315, 1995.

R. Stagni, S. Fantozzi, A. Cappello, and A. Leardini, Quantification of soft tissue artefact in motion analysis by combining 3D fluoroscopy and stereophotogrammetry: a study on two subjects, Clinical Biomechanics, vol.20, issue.3, pp.320-329, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2004.11.012

R. Stagni, A. Leardini, A. Cappozzo, G. Benedetti, M. Cappello et al., Effects of hip joint centre mislocation on gait analysis results, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.33, issue.11, pp.1479-1487, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(00)00093-2

G. Steinwender, V. Saraph, S. Scheiber, E. B. Zwick, C. Uitz et al., Intrasubject repeatability of gait analysis data in normal and spastic children, Clinical Biomechanics, vol.15, issue.2, pp.15-134, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0268-0033(99)00057-1

V. P. Stokes, C. Andersson, and H. Forssberg, Rotational and translational movement features of the pelvis and thorax during adult human locomotion, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.22, issue.1, pp.43-50, 1989.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(89)90183-8

H. Stolze, J. P. Kuhtz-buschbeck, C. Mondwurf, K. Johnk, and L. Friege, Retest reliability of spatiotemporal gait parameters in children and adults, Gait & Posture, vol.7, issue.2, pp.125-130, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0966-6362(97)00043-X

I. Südhoff, S. Van-driessche, S. Laporte, J. A. De-guise, and W. Skalli, Comparing three attachment systems used to determine knee kinematics during gait, Gait & Posture, vol.25, issue.4, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2006.06.002

E. Tazawa, Analysis of torso movement of trans-femoral amputees during level walking, Prosthetics and Orthotics International, vol.21, pp.129-140, 1997.

H. A. Underwood, C. D. Tokuno, and J. Eng, A comparison of two prosthetic feet on the multi-joint and multi-plane kinetic gait compensations in individuals with a unilateral trans-tibial amputation, Clinical Biomechanics, vol.19, issue.6, pp.609-616, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2004.02.005

A. J. Van-den-bogert, L. Read, and B. M. Nigg, A method for inverse dynamic analysis using accelerometry, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.29, issue.7, pp.949-954, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(95)00155-7

H. Van-der-linde, C. J. Hofstad, A. C. Geurts, K. Postema, J. H. Geertzen et al., A systematic literature review of the effect of different prosthetic components on human functioning with a lower-limb prosthesis, The Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, vol.41, issue.4, pp.555-70, 2004.
DOI : 10.1682/JRRD.2003.06.0102

M. L. Van-der-linden, S. E. Solomonidis, W. D. Spence, N. Li, and J. P. Paul, A methodology for studying the effects of various types of prosthetic feet on the biomechanics of trans-femoral amputee gait, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.32, issue.9, pp.877-89, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(99)00086-X

M. L. Van-der-linden, N. Twiste, and S. V. Rithalia, The biomechanical effects of the inclusion of a torque absorber on trans-femoral amputee gait, a pilot study, Prosthetics and Orthotics International, vol.24, issue.1, pp.35-43, 2002.
DOI : 10.1080/03093640208726619

R. E. Van-emmerik and R. C. Wagenaar, Effects of walking velocity on relative phase dynamics in the trunk in human walking, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.29, issue.9, pp.1175-1184, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(95)00128-X

R. E. Van-emmerik, R. C. Wagenaar, A. Winogrodzka, and E. C. Wolters, Identification of axial rigidity during locomotion in parkinson disease, Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol.80, issue.2, pp.186-191, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0003-9993(99)90119-3

C. L. Vaughan, Are joint torques the Holy Grail of human gait analysis?, Human Movement Science, vol.15, issue.3, pp.423-443, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/0167-9457(96)00009-7

G. J. Verkerke, A. L. Hof, W. Zijlstra, W. Ament, and G. Rakhorst, Determining the centre of pressure during walking and running using an instrumented treadmill, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.38, issue.9, pp.1881-1885, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2004.08.015

E. Viel, F. Plat, and Y. Blanc, La marche humaine, 1979.

P. F. Vint and R. N. Hinrichs, Endpoint error in smoothing and differentiating raw kinematic data: An evaluation of four popular methods, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.29, issue.12, pp.1637-1642, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(96)80018-2

L. Vogt, M. Portscher, K. Brettmann, K. Pfeifer, and W. Banzer, Cross-validation of marker configurations to measure pelvic kinematics in gait, Gait & Posture, vol.18, issue.3, pp.178-184, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0966-6362(02)00095-4

R. C. Wagenaar and W. J. Beek, Hemiplegic gait: A kinematic analysis using walking speed as a basis, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.25, issue.9, pp.1007-1015, 1992.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(92)90036-Z

R. C. Wagenaar and R. E. Van-emmerik, Resonant frequencies of arms and legs identify different walking patterns, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.33, issue.7, pp.853-861, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(00)00020-8

R. White, I. Agouris, R. D. Selbie, and M. Kirkpatrick, The variability of force platform data in normal and cerebral palsy gait, Clinical Biomechanics, vol.14, issue.3, pp.14-185, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0268-0033(99)80003-5

D. C. Wing and D. A. Hittenberger, Energy-storing prosthetic feet, Arch Phys Med Rehabil, vol.70, pp.330-335, 1989.

D. A. Winter and S. E. Sienko, Biomechanics of below-knee amputee gait, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.21, issue.5, pp.361-368, 1988.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(88)90142-X

H. J. Woltring, 3-D attitude representation of human joints: A standardization proposal, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.27, issue.12, pp.1399-1414, 1994.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(94)90191-0

G. Wu and P. R. Cavanagh, ISB recommendations for standardization in the reporting of kinematic data, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.28, issue.10, pp.1257-1261, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(95)00017-C

G. Wu, S. Siegler, P. Allard, C. Kirtley, A. Leardini et al., ISB recommendation on definitions of joint coordinate system of various joints for the reporting of human joint motion???part I: ankle, hip, and spine, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.35, issue.4, pp.543-548, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(01)00222-6

L. Yang, S. E. Solomonidis, W. D. Spence, and J. P. Paul, The influence of limb alignment on the gait of above-knee amputees, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.24, issue.11, pp.981-97, 1991.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(91)90016-G

M. R. Yeadon, The simulation of aerial movement???II. A mathematical inertia model of the human body, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.23, issue.1, pp.67-74, 1990.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(90)90370-I

M. R. Yeadon, The simulation of aerial movement???III. The determination of the angular momentum of the human body, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.23, issue.1, pp.75-83, 1990.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(90)90371-9

J. W. Young, C. E. Chandler, V. Zatsiorsky, and V. Seluyanov, Anthropometric and mass distribution characteristics of the adult female 1- 103.FFA Civil Aeromedical Institute Oklahoma City The mass and inertial characteristics of the main segments of the human body, IL : Human kinetics. K. e. Matsui, pp.1152-1159, 1983.

V. Zatsiorsky and V. Seluyanov, Methods of determining mass-inertial characteristics of human body segments, Biomechanics IX-B. W. C. H. K, vol.publishers, pp.233-239, 1990.

W. Zijlstra and R. Bisseling, Estimation of hip abduction moment based on body fixed sensors, Clinical Biomechanics, vol.19, issue.8, pp.819-827, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2004.05.005

H. Goujon, X. Bonnet, P. Sautreuil, M. Maurrisset, D. Darmon et al., A Functional Evaluation of Prosthetic Foot Kinematics During Lower-Limb Amputee Gait, Publications Publications dans des revues internationales avec comité de lecture, pp.213-223, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/S0966-6362(98)00016-2

X. Bonnet, H. Goujon, P. Michelutti, C. Lansade, P. Fodé et al., Comportement du??pied et??de??la??cheville au??cours de??la??marche de??sujets asymptomatiques, de sujets asymptomatiques, pp.67-73, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.rbmret.2006.02.001

H. Bonnet, X. Sautreuil, P. Maurrisset, M. Darmon, L. Fodé et al., Pages S77-S78 " 3D motions of trunk and pelvis during transfemoral amputee gait Three-dimensional motions of trunk and pelvis during trans-femoral amputee gait Functional gait analysis of transfemoral amputees using two different single axis prosthetic knees with hydraulic swing phase control, Communications internationales avec comité de lecture et publication des actes XVII th conférence de l'International Society of Gait and Posture Research Lavaste F. 9 th international symposium on the 3D analysis of human movement Lavaste F. 9 th international symposium on the 3D analysis of human movement Communications nationales avec comité de lecture et publication des actes « 3D gait analysis of transfemoral amputee Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry Volume. 112 Supplement, p.149, 2004.