Couplages dans les géomatériaux multiphasiques : effets de la température et de la chimie

Abstract : Transport of chemical components in soil through water is the major cause of pollution of the soil. This transport takes place around landfills and nuclear waste storage areas, tailings and mine wastes, and so on. A great number of these sites are unsaturated of water and in some cases heat can change the fate of chemical species, that lead us to a coupled problem. In this dissertation, numerical simulation with an existent thermo-hydro-mechanical model and theoretical modelisation and numerical simulation of transport and interactions of one chemical species in multiphase media are presented Integrated THM model in the Code_Aster is presented. Excavation, engineering barrier and thermal load of waste nuclear storage well are modeled. Verification of model is presented with these simulations. A thermo-hydro-mechanical behaviour coupled with chemical phenomena is presented with a fully coupled method that water, gas, chemical species and soil skeleton were considered as constituents and corresponding unknowns are temperature, water pressure, gas pressure, chemical concentration and displacements. For each constituent, mass balance equation and linear momentum equation are written and solved simultaneously to find related unknowns. The results of this model have been compared with the theoretical and experimental results existing in the literature. Furthermore, results of some applications of this model are included. Some areas where further work is required are identified. In particular, there is a need to perform experiments to obtain necessary soil parameters to permit accurate modelling of the heat and contaminant transport in unsaturated soils.
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Sciences of the Universe [physics]. Ecole des Ponts ParisTech, 2006. French. <NNT : 2006ENPC0611>


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Submitted on : Friday, September 3, 2010 - 9:10:01 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, October 10, 2010 - 4:14:32 PM

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Hasan Ghasemzadeh. Couplages dans les géomatériaux multiphasiques : effets de la température et de la chimie. Sciences of the Universe [physics]. Ecole des Ponts ParisTech, 2006. French. <NNT : 2006ENPC0611>. <pastel-00002077>

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