Analyse expérimentale et simulation thermomécanique du soudage bout à bout de tubes de polyéthylène

Abstract : This work concerns the comprehension and the digital simulation of the thermomechanical phenomena governing the development of the welds during the process of butt fusion welding of polyethylene tubes. This process consists in melting the ends of the tubes and pressing them together to form the weld after the matter is cooled. Butt fusion welding, which seems to be simple a priori, brings in some phenomena interacting ones with the others. Thus, there are strong couplings between thermics, mechanics and phase changes. This manuscript is composed of three principal parts. Firstly, a complete analysis of the process was carried out. Thus, thermal phenomena occurring during the process, which are the main origins of welding, and displacements of matter, which are responsible for the formation of the weld bead, were studied. The importance of thermal dilatation, in particular during the heating of the matter, but also complicated kinetics of bead formation and thermal phenomena are highlighted (formation of a vertical plane in the bead during heating, importance of the radiation and the convection during tubes heating;). In a second part, we characterized the matter with an aim of obtaining a digital simulation of the process that is as realistic as possible. The fusion and crystallization laws of polyethylene were given using the Avrami and Ozawa laws. The behaviour of polyethylene in a liquid state, solid state and during the transition were also given. Moreover, measurements of thermal dilatation enthalpy and phase changes were made. Finally, all the stages of the process were simulated using Forge2® software, which is well adapted to the resolution of thermal and mechanical problems responsible for the welds formation. The laws and the parameters obtained in experiments were integrated into the software. The results obtained are very satisfactory, as well from the point of view of thermics as of the matter displacement and the shape of the beads. We have now a better comprehension of butt fusion welding and a first operational tool to simulate the process. Keywords: welding, butt fusion, digital simulation, kinetic of transformation, rheology, coupling
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Olivier Hehn. Analyse expérimentale et simulation thermomécanique du soudage bout à bout de tubes de polyéthylène. Sciences de l'ingénieur [physics]. École Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2006. Français. ⟨pastel-00002138⟩

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