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Estimation of the uncertainty in wind power forecasting

Pierre Pinson 1
1 CEP/Sophia
CEP - Centre Énergétique et Procédés
Abstract : Wind power experiences a tremendous development in Europe. Though, the intermittence of wind generation causes difficulties in the management of power systems. Moreover, in the context of the deregulation of electricity markets, wind energy is penalized by its intermittent nature. It is recognized today that the forecasting of wind power for horizons up to 2/3-day ahead eases the integration of wind generation. Wind power forecasts are traditionally provided in the form of point predictions, which correspond to the most-likely power production for a given horizon. That sole information is not sufficient for developing optimal management or trading strategies. Therefore, we investigate on possible ways for estimating the uncertainty of wind power forecasts. The characteristics of the prediction uncertainty are described by a thorough study of the performance of some of the state-of-the-art approaches, and by underlining the influence of some variables e.g. level of predicted power on distributions of prediction errors. Then, a generic method for the estimation of prediction intervals is introduced. This statistical method is non-parametric and utilizes fuzzy logic concepts for integrating expertise on the prediction uncertainty characteristics. By estimating several prediction intervals at once, one obtains predictive distributions of wind power output. The proposed method is evaluated in terms of its reliability, sharpness and resolution. In parallel, we explore the potential use of ensemble predictions for skill forecasting. Wind power ensemble forecasts are obtained either by converting meteorological ensembles (from ECMWF and NCEP) to power or by applying a poor man's temporal approach. A proposal for the definition of prediction risk indices is given, reflecting the disagreement between ensemble members over a set of successive look-ahead times. Such risk indices may comprise a more comprehensive signal on the expected level of uncertainty in an operational environment. A probabilistic relation between classes of risk indices and the level of forecast error is shown. In a final part, the trading application is considered for demonstrating the value of uncertainty estimation when predicting wind generation. It is explained how to integrate that uncertainty information in a decision-making process accounting for the sensitivity of end-users to regulation costs. The benefits of having a probabilistic view of wind power forecasting are clearly shown.
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  • HAL Id : pastel-00002187, version 1

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Pierre Pinson. Estimation of the uncertainty in wind power forecasting. Engineering Sciences [physics]. École Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2006. English. ⟨NNT : 2006ENMP1432⟩. ⟨pastel-00002187⟩

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