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Aide au pilotage d'une démarche en conception de produits : vers un cahier des charges "augmenté"

Abstract : The economic context which rules over industry and over national and international markets, constraints the companies to innovate in order to remain competitive. This need is not any more to demonstrate. Innovating means to carry out a process able to produce exploitable and exploited novel results. This innovation process is not easy to control because complex and uncertain in variable degree and nature (by project, by company, by technology, .. . ). Thus, it is neither fixed nor predictable. Designing and using of methods and tools for innovation approach aim at a certain reproducibility of some involved sub-processes. This apparent contradiction is in the middle of reflections: what must reproducible (even anticipated) but must take into account uncertainties and, moreover, must guarantee variability. To deal with this difficulty, a methodological approach based on concepts resulting from the theories of evolution in biology and technology is presented. An "evolutionary" arrangement of several creativity techniques is formulated and product intermediate representation known as "extended" is recommended. In result of this research a requirements document which is evolutionary and transverse with intentional and controlled changes: The Extended Requirements Document (CDCEVA). The whole to contribute to the innovating design process. The training and the project appropriation by the company are supported, facilitating the construction of its strategy product-forecasting. Small industrial structures context like SME is focused. The process of product design is placed like a source of innovation and knowledge for the company. Two industrial experiments on "non technical" products showed the relevance of the research approach and allowed the initial suggested model improvement towards the model PIANO which integrates a global piloting process.
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Submitted on : Friday, September 28, 2007 - 8:00:00 AM
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  • HAL Id : pastel-00002947, version 1


José Antonio Lattuf. Aide au pilotage d'une démarche en conception de produits : vers un cahier des charges "augmenté". Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Arts et Métiers ParisTech, 2006. Français. ⟨NNT : 2006ENAM0060⟩. ⟨pastel-00002947⟩



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