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French biodiesel demand and promoting measures analysis by 2010

Abstract : The researches presented aim at assessing biodiesel promoting measures under consideration in France by 2010. This assessment is based on a deep study of French biodiesel demand. The use of a linear model for optimizing the whole French refining industry costs allow us to take into account the physicochemical characteristics of biodiesel useful for gas oil blending operation. This researches show that biodiesel can be incorporated up to 27% blend in volume to diesel fuel without major technical problem. A decomposition of the value allotted to the biodiesel by French refiners according to its physicochemical characteristics shows that energy content is the most disadvantageous characteristics for biodiesel incorporation and, up to 17%, density become also constraining. However, the low biodiesel sulphur content could become interesting from now to 2010. On the basis of this biodiesel demand analysis, we proceed to an external coupling of an agro-industrial model of biodiesel supply with the French refining model. Thus, we study the impact of the 2010 French biodiesel consumption objective on agricultural surface need, the competitiveness of the biodiesel, the reduction of greenhouse gases emissions and the trade balance of the petroleum products. On this basis, we propose a critical analysis of French biodiesel promoting measures under consideration by 2010.
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Submitted on : Monday, May 5, 2008 - 8:00:00 AM
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Frédérick Bernard. French biodiesel demand and promoting measures analysis by 2010. Humanities and Social Sciences. AgroParisTech, 2008. English. ⟨NNT : 2008AGPT0012⟩. ⟨pastel-00003489⟩

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