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Représentation graphique et pensée managériale, le cas de la Harvard Business Review de 1922 à 1999

Abstract : The objective of this thesis is to analyze the history of management, 1922-1999, through graphic representations. We chose the Harvard Business Review because of its appearance is particularly early, it gives the representativeness of the main strands of research and taught the value provided to the graphics. Starting from a query on graphics as a language, we develop a classification of several graphic forms: charts, diagrams, maps and representations on the scale of objects. This analysis leads us to characterize the drawings according to structural and functional dimensions. We consider, in parallel, concepts raised in the representations. This analysis allows to observe certain historical developments of management seen in the Harvard Business Review, and two fractures occurred in the late 1950s and early 1980s. Our study also text accompanying graphics through four case studies concerning graphs of relationships within the organization, the reflection-action diagrams, drawings reflecting metaphors and finally 2 * 2 matrices with elements graphics. This analysis, including putting into play the concept of "rationalization" and the concept of "managerial technique," says a challenge late principles of scientific management of Taylor and reinforces the idea of a break in the early 1980s.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 27, 2010 - 9:47:58 AM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:37:16 PM
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  • HAL Id : pastel-00003632, version 1



Eric Maton. Représentation graphique et pensée managériale, le cas de la Harvard Business Review de 1922 à 1999. Economies et finances. Ecole Polytechnique X, 2007. Français. ⟨pastel-00003632⟩



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