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L'emploi des salariés âgés : le rôle des salaires et de la productivité dans la demande de travail des entreprises

Abstract : We study the role of labour demand in the low employment rate of older workers in France. We find no support for the hypothesis of a declining productivity/wage ratio. We estimate similar age profiles for productivity and wage: both profiles are rising up to 40 or 45 and then remain stable. Besides, we find no evidence of wage rigidities for older workers in France and show that they are not more often evicted from employment in firms where they earn higher relative wages. However, we also find factors that decrease the labour demand for older workers. Technological and organisational changes appear to be biased against age. Older workers represent a lower share of employment in innovative firms. Moreover, we find that there is a problem of allocation of older workers in declining industries. Due to the dynamics of employment flows, these workers are more numerous in firms that hired a lot a long time ago, and thus have a higher probability of downsizing nowadays.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 21, 2010 - 3:20:58 PM
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Patrick Aubert. L'emploi des salariés âgés : le rôle des salaires et de la productivité dans la demande de travail des entreprises. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Paris X - Nanterre, 2007. Français. ⟨pastel-00003780⟩

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