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Les Biocarburants : une analyse d'Economie Publique.

Abstract : Biofuels are being extensively developed around the world thanks to the support of states, which is a necessary condition for their production. Thus, the focus of this dissertation is to study the regulation of biofuel policies. More precisely, this work intends to enlighten the strong links between biofuel and agricultural policies. Policies directed to biofuel production have changed dramatically over the past three years, evolving from the status of a secondary policy within agricultural policies to the position of a central policy at the crossroads of agricultural, environmental and energy policies. The work exposed in this dissertation is divided in three parts. First, the reasons that have led to the sudden development of biofuels are presented. Then, in a second part, the interactions of biofuel policies with the present agricultural policies are dealt with. The aim of this second part is to assess the extent to which these policies ought to be amended in order to account for the growing importance of energy crops in the total agricultural production. Finally, the third part focuses on the new regulatory framework imposed by the dual production of the agricultural sector (an environmental good and an agricultural commodity): a Common Agency setting is chosen to address this issue. Moreover, this last part strives to anticipate the future reforms of the CAP, in which the dual regulation (at the EU and Member State levels) calls for a new framework for policy analysis. Hence, the common thread of all the ideas developed in this dissertation is the mutual interactions that exist between biofuel and agricultural policies. Biofuel policies have emerged thanks to the reform of the CAP in 1992, are now an important player of the present CAP and will undoubtedly be a central issue in the future reforms of agricultural policies.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 21, 2010 - 1:32:35 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:37:18 PM
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  • HAL Id : pastel-00004413, version 1



David Treguer. Les Biocarburants : une analyse d'Economie Publique.. Gestion et management. Ecole Polytechnique X, 2008. Français. ⟨pastel-00004413⟩



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