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Dynamic agrarian system of cocoa region in bahia state, brazil

Abstract : The cocoa growing region of Bahia State, Brazil has been experiencing important transformations in its agrarian system as a consequence of a grave socioecomical crisis. Initiated in the last 80s years, this crisis was principally caused by the decline of cocoa cultivation, the dominant economic activity in the region until the 90s. Some of the resulting transformations occurring in the region are: the exodus of rural labor force to the nearest cities, increased rural and urban poverty, the appearance of new forms of work organization and agricultural production systems, technological innovations and increased deforestation. In light of this regional scenario, our research aimed to contribute to the understanding of the agricultural system dynamic of the studied region, with an economic and social approach. A dynamic pattern system was created based on field research performed in a cocoa growing micro-region, in the municipalities of Itajuípe and Coaraci. The model shows relations between agricultural investments in cocoa farms, agricultural employment generation, land tenure, labor force employment (sharecroppers or wage-workers), agrarian structure and productive unit typology. This last factor is related to the adoption of different cropping and animal raising systems in addition to different types of workers. From the interaction of the distinct sub-models, a regional development model was constructed. Several scenarios for the regional agrarian system were shown and public policy proposals that promote agricultural development intervention were made.
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Submitted on : Monday, January 19, 2009 - 8:00:00 AM
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  • HAL Id : pastel-00004595, version 1

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Andréa da Silva Gomes. Dynamic agrarian system of cocoa region in bahia state, brazil. Sciences of the Universe [physics]. AgroParisTech, 2007. English. ⟨NNT : 2007AGPT0007⟩. ⟨pastel-00004595⟩

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