Méthodologie pour optimiser le transport de marchandises en ville : application aux villes moyennes et dans le cadre de l'agglomération de La Rochelle

Abstract : The distribution of goods in urban areas is essential for their prosperity. With their economic role, they cannot work without an appropriated system of goods distribution. Unfortunately, problems with the distribution of goods in the city slow down the adaptability and the efficiency of the transportation system. The main impacts are the pollution because of noise, the emissions of pollutants such as NOx (nitrogen oxide), the contribution to global warming by emissions of greenhouse gases such as CO2 (carbon dioxide) and the physical obstruction of flows of city users. In this context, this thesis aims to propose a conceptual model and a simulation approach of urban freight transport, in order to, ultimately, develop a decision aid tool for urban communities. We propose to present this approach by relying on the European project SUCCESS from the CIVITAS programme in which the urban community of La Rochelle is used to validate our work. Thanks to the models presented in this thesis, it is possible to develop diagnostic tools and decision aid tools that can play a major role in identifying solutions in a medium term vision. In combination with the skills of technical services of the cities, these tools can formalize hypothetical situations to measure the consequences of future decisions. The feedback from the urban community of Poitiers indicates that these tools are mainly required for their ability to provide a basis for reflection during the dialogues and discussions with the various actors of city logistic.
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Loïc Delaître. Méthodologie pour optimiser le transport de marchandises en ville : application aux villes moyennes et dans le cadre de l'agglomération de La Rochelle. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. École Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2008. Français. ⟨NNT : 2008ENMP1568⟩. ⟨pastel-00004670⟩

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