R. M. Jopson, G. Eisenstein, M. S. Whalen, K. L. Hall, U. Koren et al., A 1.55?????m semiconductor???optical fiber ring laser, Applied Physics Letters, vol.48, issue.3, p.204, 1986.
DOI : 10.1063/1.97023

K. Taguchi, K. Fukushima, A. Ishitani, and M. Ikeda, Self-detection characteristics of the Sagnac frequency shift in a mechanically rotated semiconductor ring laser, Measurement, vol.27, issue.4, p.251, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0263-2241(99)00071-8

M. Kuznetzov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, Design and characteristics of high-power (<0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM/sub 00/ beams, IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, vol.5, issue.3, p.561, 1999.
DOI : 10.1109/2944.788419

A. Ouvrard, A. Garnache, L. Cerutti, F. Genty, and D. Romanini, Single-frequency tunable Sb-based VCSELs emitting at 2.3 /spl mu/m, IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol.17, issue.10, p.2020, 2005.
DOI : 10.1109/LPT.2005.856341

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00330815

]. S. Bibliographie1, M. M. Kiesel, A. Held, G. Maier, and . Trommer, Performance analysis of a deeply coupled GPS/INS system with different IMU grades, Proc. Symp. Gyro Techn, p.10, 2007.

N. Barbour and G. Schmidt, Inertial sensor technology trends. The Draper Technology Digest, 1999.
DOI : 10.1109/auv.1998.744441

N. M. Barbour, J. M. Elwell, and R. H. Setterlund, Inertial instruments - Where to now?, Guidance, Navigation and Control Conference, p.566, 1992.
DOI : 10.2514/6.1992-4414

A. D. King, Inertial navigation -forty years of evolution, GEC Review, vol.13, p.140, 1998.

J. S. Burdess, A. J. Harris, J. Cruickshank, D. Wood, and G. Cooper, A review of vibratory gyroscopes, Engineering Science & Education Journal, vol.3, issue.6, pp.249-254, 1994.
DOI : 10.1049/esej:19940603

N. Yazdi, F. Ayazi, and K. Najafi, Micromachined inertial sensors, Proceedings of the IEEE, pp.1640-1659, 1998.
DOI : 10.1109/5.704269

A. Matthews and F. J. Rybak, Comparison of hemispherical resonator gyro and optical gyros. Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, IEEE, vol.7, issue.5, pp.40-46, 1992.

L. Rosellini, J. M. Girard, and . Caron, REGYS20 a HRG IMU for space applications, Proc. Symp. Gyro Techn, p.7, 2007.

G. Sagnac, L'éther lumineux démontré par l'effet du vent relatif d'éther dans un interféromètre en rotation uniforme, C. R. Acad. Sci, vol.157, p.708, 1913.

B. Grigorii and . Malykin, The Sagnac effect : correct and incorrect explanations, Physics- Uspekhi, vol.43, issue.12, pp.1229-1252, 2000.

E. J. Post, Sagnac Effect, Reviews of Modern Physics, vol.39, issue.2, pp.475-493, 1967.
DOI : 10.1103/RevModPhys.39.475

S. Ezekiel and H. J. Arditty, Fiber-Optics Rotation Sensors, 1982.

V. Vali and R. W. Shorthill, Fiber ring interferometer, Applied Optics, vol.15, issue.5, pp.1099-1100, 1976.
DOI : 10.1364/AO.15.001099

P. B. Ruffin, Fiber Optics Sensors, chapter Fiber Gyroscope Sensors, page 383, 2002.
DOI : 10.1201/9781420053661.ch8

E. Schulz-dubois, Alternative interpretation of rotation rate sensing by ring laser, IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, vol.2, issue.8, pp.299-305, 1966.
DOI : 10.1109/JQE.1966.1074045

W. M. Macek and J. D. Davis, ROTATION RATE SENSING WITH TRAVELING???WAVE RING LASERS, Applied Physics Letters, vol.2, issue.3, pp.67-68, 1963.
DOI : 10.1063/1.1753778

R. Adler, A study of locking phenomena in oscillators, Proceedings of the IEEE, pp.1380-1385, 1973.

F. Aronowitz, Laser Applications, chapter The Laser gyro, pp.133-200, 1971.

F. Bretenaker, J. Taché, and A. L. Floch, Reverse Sagnac Effect in Ring Lasers, Europhysics Letters (EPL), vol.21, issue.3, pp.291-297, 1993.
DOI : 10.1209/0295-5075/21/3/007

H. Statz, T. A. Dorschner, M. Holtz, and I. W. Smith, Laser Handbook, chapter The Multioscillator Ring Laser Gyroscope, pp.229-331, 1985.

A. Yariv, Optical Electronics, 1991.

J. R. Wilkinson, Ring lasers, Progress in Quantum Electronics, vol.11, issue.1, pp.1-103, 1987.
DOI : 10.1016/0079-6727(87)90003-6

R. H. Cordover, T. S. Jaseja, and A. Javan, ISOTOPE SHIFT MEASUREMENT FOR 6328 ?? He???Ne LASER TRANSITION, Applied Physics Letters, vol.7, issue.12, pp.322-324, 1965.
DOI : 10.1063/1.1754280

S. Schwartz, G. Feugnet, P. Bouyer, E. Lariontsev, A. Aspect et al., Mode-Coupling Control in Resonant Devices: Application to Solid-State Ring Lasers, Physical Review Letters, vol.97, issue.9, p.93902, 2006.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevLett.97.093902

J. R. Tredicce, F. T. Arecchi, G. L. Lippi, and G. P. Puccioni, Instabilities in lasers with an injected signal, Journal of the Optical Society of America B, vol.2, issue.1, pp.173-183, 1985.
DOI : 10.1364/JOSAB.2.000173

S. Schwartz, Gyrolaser à état solide ; Application des lasers à atomes à la gyrométrie, 2006.

S. Schwartz, F. Gutty, G. Feugnet, P. Bouyer, and J. Pocholle, Suppression of Nonlinear Interactions in Resonant Macroscopic Quantum Devices: The Example of the Solid-State Ring Laser Gyroscope, Physical Review Letters, vol.100, issue.18, p.183901, 2008.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.183901

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00202466

J. R. Peter, M. Laybourn, G. Sorel, S. Giuliani, and . Donati, Integrated semiconductor laser rotation sensor, SPIE, vol.3620, pp.322-331, 1999.

K. Taguchi, K. Fukushima, A. Ishitani, and M. Ikeda, Optical inertial rotation sensor using semiconductor ring laser, Electronics Letters, vol.34, issue.18, pp.1775-1776, 1998.
DOI : 10.1049/el:19981249

S. Tamura, K. Inagaki, H. Noto, and T. Harayama, Experimental investigation of Sagnac beat signals using semiconductor fiber-optic ring laser gyroscope (S-FOG) based on semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA), Fiber Optic Sensors and Applications V, p.677014, 2007.
DOI : 10.1117/12.734200

M. Ikeda, Y. Maeda, and K. Murakami, Self-detection of lasing characteristics for semiconductor ring laser diodes, Optical and Quantum Electronics, vol.1, issue.1, pp.17-23, 1996.
DOI : 10.1007/BF00578547

L. A. Coldren and S. W. Corzine, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits, Optical Engineering, vol.36, issue.2, 1995.
DOI : 10.1117/1.601191

K. Taguchi, K. Fukushima, A. Ishitani, and M. Ikeda, Self-detection characteristics of the Sagnac frequency shift in a mechanically rotated semiconductor ring laser, Measurement, vol.27, issue.4, pp.251-256, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0263-2241(99)00071-8

G. P. Agrawal and N. K. Dutta, Semiconductor Lasers, 1993.
DOI : 10.1007/978-1-4613-0481-4

N. K. Dutta, Calculated absorption, emission, and gain in In 0, Journal of Applied Physics, issue.12, pp.516095-6100, 1980.

M. Yamada, Transverse and longitudinal mode control in semiconductor injection lasers, IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, vol.19, issue.9, pp.1365-1380, 1983.
DOI : 10.1109/JQE.1983.1072059

M. Yamada and Y. Suematsu, Analysis of gain suppression in undoped injection lasers, Journal of Applied Physics, vol.52, issue.4, pp.2653-2664, 1981.
DOI : 10.1063/1.329064

J. L. Jewell, J. P. Harbison, A. Scherer, Y. H. Lee, and L. T. Florez, Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: Design, growth, fabrication, characterization, IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, vol.27, issue.6, pp.1332-1346, 1991.
DOI : 10.1109/3.89950

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, Design and characteristics of high-power (>0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM 00 beams. Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal, vol.5, issue.3, pp.561-573, 1999.

. Ga-0, 8 As/GaAs single strained quantum well structures, Applied Physics Letters, vol.51, issue.13, pp.1004-1006, 1987.

A. Bousseksou, M. E. Kurdi, M. D. Salik, I. Sagnes, and S. Bouchoule, Wavelength tunable InP-based EP-VECSEL operating at room temperature and in CW at 1.55 µm, Electronics Letters, issue.23, pp.401490-1491, 2004.

M. Schmid, S. Benchabane, F. Torabi-goudarzi, R. Abram, A. I. Ferguson et al., Optical in-well pumping of a vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser, Applied Physics Letters, vol.84, issue.24, pp.4860-4862, 2004.
DOI : 10.1063/1.1760887

S. Beyertt, M. Zorn, T. Kubler, H. Wenzel, M. Weyers et al., Optical in-well pumping of a semiconductor disk laser with high optical efficiency, IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, vol.41, issue.12, pp.411439-1449, 2005.
DOI : 10.1109/JQE.2005.858794

M. Jacquemet, Sources laser soldes pompés par diode, émettant autour de 1000 et 1500nm à base de cristaux diopés ytterbium et de semiconducteur, 2005.

P. A. Khandokhin, I. V. Koryukin, Y. I. Khanin, and P. Mandel, Influence of carrier diffusion on the dynamics of a two-mode laser, IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, vol.31, issue.4, pp.647-652, 1995.
DOI : 10.1109/3.371938

M. Sorel, G. Giuliani, A. Scire, R. Miglierina, S. Donati et al., Operating regimes of gaas-algaas semiconductor ring lasers: experiment and model, IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, vol.39, issue.10, pp.391187-1195, 2003.
DOI : 10.1109/JQE.2003.817585

A. V. Dotsenko and E. G. Lariontsev, Beats in a solid-state ring laser, Soviet Journal of Quantum Electronics, vol.7, issue.5, pp.616-618, 1977.
DOI : 10.1070/QE1977v007n05ABEH012574

V. N. Morozov, J. A. Neff, and H. Zhou, Analysis of vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser multimode behavior, IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, vol.33, issue.6, pp.980-988, 1997.
DOI : 10.1109/3.585486

C. Henry, Theory of the linewidth of semiconductor lasers, IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, vol.18, issue.2, pp.259-264, 1982.
DOI : 10.1109/JQE.1982.1071522

H. Haus, H. Statz, and I. Smith, Frequency locking of modes in a ring laser, IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, vol.21, issue.1, pp.78-85, 1985.
DOI : 10.1109/JQE.1985.1072536

R. J. Spreeuw, R. Centeno-neelen, N. J. Van-druten, E. R. Eliel, and J. P. Woerdman, Mode coupling in a He-Ne ring laser with backscattering, Physical Review A, vol.42, issue.7, pp.424315-4324, 1990.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevA.42.4315

J. S. Manning and R. Olshansky, Carrier-induced index change in AlGaAs double-heterostructure lasers, Electronics Letters, vol.17, issue.14, pp.506-507, 1981.
DOI : 10.1049/el:19810354

J. Manning, R. Olshansky, and C. Su, The carrier-induced index change in AlGaAs and 1.3 ??m InGaAsP diode lasers, IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, vol.19, issue.10, pp.1525-1530, 1983.
DOI : 10.1109/JQE.1983.1071749

C. H. Henry, R. A. Logan, and K. A. Bertness, Spectral dependence of the change in refractive index due to carrier injection in GaAs lasers, Journal of Applied Physics, vol.52, issue.7, pp.4457-4461, 1981.
DOI : 10.1063/1.329371

B. R. Bennett, R. A. Soref, and J. A. , Carrier-induced change in refractive index of InP, GaAs and InGaAsP, IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, vol.26, issue.1, pp.113-122, 1990.
DOI : 10.1109/3.44924

K. Vahala and A. Yariv, Semiclassical theory of noise in semiconductor lasers - Part I, IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, vol.19, issue.6, pp.1096-1101, 1983.
DOI : 10.1109/JQE.1983.1071986

A. Brignon, Conjugaison de phase par m??lange d'ondes dans les milieux lasers solides, Annales de Physique, vol.23, issue.5, 1999.
DOI : 10.1051/anphys:199805001

F. T. Arecchi, G. L. Lippi, G. P. Puccioni, and J. R. Tredicce, Deterministic chaos in laser with injected signal, Optics Communications, vol.51, issue.5, pp.308-314, 1984.
DOI : 10.1016/0030-4018(84)90016-6

E. W. Weisstein, Routh-Hurwitz theorem. MathWorld, a Wolfram Web Ressource

D. Kuksenkov and H. Temkin, Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers, chapter Polarization Related Properties of Vertical-Cavity Lasers, pp.233-267, 1999.

N. Kravtsov, E. G. Lariontsev, and A. N. Shelaev, Oscillation regimes of ring solidstate lasers and possibilites for their stabilization, Laser Physics, vol.3, issue.1, pp.21-62, 1993.

F. Aronowitz and W. Lim, Positive scale factor correction in the laser gyro, IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, vol.13, issue.5, pp.338-343, 1977.
DOI : 10.1109/JQE.1977.1069343

T. J. Ochalski, A. De-burca, G. Huyet, J. Lyytikainen, M. Guina et al., Passively modelocked bi-directional vertical external ring cavity surface emitting laser. Lasers and Electro-Optics, Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science. CLEO/QELS 2008. Conference on, pp.1-2, 2008.

A. Ouvrard, A. Garnache, L. Cerutti, F. Genty, and D. Romanini, Single-frequency tunable Sb-based VCSELs emitting at 2.3 µm, Photonics Technology Letters IEEE, issue.10, pp.172020-2022, 2005.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00330815

N. Hodgson and H. Weber, Optical Resonators, 1997.
DOI : 10.1007/978-1-4471-3595-1

A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Optical waves in Crystals, 2003.

A. C. Nilsson, E. K. Gustafson, and R. L. Byer, Eigenpolarization theory of monolithic nonplanar ring oscillators, IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, vol.25, issue.4, pp.767-790, 1989.
DOI : 10.1109/3.17343

R. and C. Jones, New Calculus for the Treatment of Optical Systems VIII Electromagnetic Theory, Journal of the Optical Society of America, vol.46, issue.2, pp.126-131, 1956.
DOI : 10.1364/JOSA.46.000126

P. Smith, H. Schneider, and . Danielmeyer, High-power single-frequency operation of gas and solid-state lasers with thin metal film mode selection filters, IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, vol.5, issue.6, pp.346-347, 1969.
DOI : 10.1109/JQE.1969.1081956

A. Garnache and I. Sagnes, Tunable semiconductor narrowband reflection filters for single frequency sources. Lasers and Electro-Optics, and the International Quantum Electronics Conference. CLEOE-IQEC 2007. European Conference on, pp.1-1, 2007.

G. Baili, F. Bretenaker, M. Alouini, L. Morvan, D. Dolfi et al., Experimental Investigation and Analytical Modeling of Excess Intensity Noise in Semiconductor Class-A Lasers, Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol.26, issue.8, pp.952-961, 2008.
DOI : 10.1109/JLT.2008.917756

K. L. Doan and . Lear, High-power high-brightness 980-nm lasers based on the extended cavity surface emitting lasers concept, SPIE, vol.4993, pp.57-67, 2003.

S. Park, J. Kim, H. Jeon, T. Sakong, S. Lee et al., Roomtemperature GaN vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser operation in an extended cavity scheme, Applied Physics Letters, issue.11, pp.832121-2123, 2003.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun et al., Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers. Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal, vol.2, issue.3, pp.435-453, 1996.

T. C. Newell, D. J. Bossert, A. Stintz, B. Fuchs, K. J. Malloy et al., Gain and linewidth enhencement factor in InGaAs quantum-dot laser diodes, Photonics Technology Letters, issue.12, pp.111527-1529, 1999.

S. Schwartz, G. Feugnet, E. Lariontsev, and J. Pocholle, Oscillation regimes of a solid-state ring laser with active beat-note stabilization: From a chaotic device to a ring-laser gyroscope, Physical Review A, vol.76, issue.2, p.76023807, 2007.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevA.76.023807

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00156347