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Corpulence et genre en Europe : le poids des inégalités d'apparence et de santé

Abstract : This sociology thesis apprehends the body through weight, and more precisely, through the body mass index (BMI), which allows to appreciate the complexity of the connection between the weight of individuals and the social characteristics which distinguish them. The study of weight and body shape, which are socially determined, is a way of shedding light on the stakes that the body incarnates and conceals. This is done by making use of data from nine major quantitative surveys. This research shows the importance of gender in the apprehension of weight differences. Differences between social classes are stronger for women. The relation of women to their bodies and to thinness is more constrained than that of men, body shape reflecting mainly beauty for women and force for men. For the latter, under-weight, devalued, plays a symmetrical role to overweight for women. The study of the French situation within a European framework shows its singularity. The increasing prevalence of obesity is associated with an increase in social inequalities which particularly affects women. Besides, the link between obesity and poverty, in France, is stronger among them. But whatever their sex, obese people suffer from the consequences of their weight both in terms of health, work integration and self-perception. Women are more sensitive to the aesthetic dimension and men to the medical dimension, but these two aspects mix. Health inequalities are associated with inequalities in appearance and are both produced by and producing economic and social inequalities
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Submitted on : Friday, May 15, 2009 - 8:00:00 AM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 2:49:41 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, September 30, 2010 - 9:03:23 PM


  • HAL Id : pastel-00005124, version 1



Thibaut De Saint Pol. Corpulence et genre en Europe : le poids des inégalités d'apparence et de santé. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. ENSAE ParisTech, 2008. Français. ⟨pastel-00005124⟩



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