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Territory, marketing channel and time: modalities and stakes of commercial insertion of livestock farming systems in North Cameroon

Abstract : In North Cameroon, livestock farming systems are hampered by high pressure on land while high population growth and rapid urbanization stimulate the development of beef markets. This study was conducted to identify the interactions between development of beef market, dynamics of livestock farming systems and marketing channels. The methodological approach used was organized around three axes: territory, market channel and time. Surveys and annual follow-up related to beef supply of the town of Garoua were conducted at the level of herds, farms, cattle markets, slaughter-houses and consumers. Stockbreeders' practices are constrained by environmental characteristics and the way in which they react to threats and opportunities. Final demand and suppliers stakeholders' strategies are analysed. Productivity of livestock farming systems is lower than the demographic growth rate. Commercial insertion of cattle farms operates in a careful way. Though sensitive to markets, stock breeders prefer minimization of risks to optimization of income. Market influence is more on speculations than transformation of breeding practices. Technical adjustments carried out are profitable only when they are followed with good negotiation and decision making skills. It is imperative to develop support services to farmers: counselling, enhanced organisational capacities, access to farm inputs and credit. Suitable policies are necessary to improve accessibility and availability to fodder resources. It is important to create a conducive environment for farmers, with a fair and inciting functioning of cattle marketing channels. The beef supply model of Garoua is elaborated, and its derived scenarios allow to understand stakes of food security and the future of livestock farming systems.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 27, 2009 - 8:00:00 AM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:33:22 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, September 30, 2010 - 8:59:37 PM


  • HAL Id : pastel-00005163, version 1



Patrice Djamen Nana. Territory, marketing channel and time: modalities and stakes of commercial insertion of livestock farming systems in North Cameroon. Humanities and Social Sciences. AgroParisTech, 2008. English. ⟨NNT : 2008AGPT0093⟩. ⟨pastel-00005163⟩



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