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Gérer des biens communs : processus de conception et régimes de coopération dans la gestion des ressources génétiques animales

Abstract : The management of domestic animal genetic resources is a topic of pressing concern. Managing territorialized common goods of this kind calls for cooperative mechanisms involving a wider range of actors than before. How to steer these mechanisms, and handle the crises in cooperation that can impede them, is crucial to maintaining biodiversity. Starting from an analysis of the mechanisms for selecting local milk ewe breeds in the Western Pyrenees, this thesis seeks to show the value of a multi-level approach to cooperation in dealing with common goods. We propose treating common goods not as givens but as the outcome of a design process. A genealogical approach tracing the evolution of relevant modes of cooperation then leads to the construction of four regimes of cooperation (communitarian, entrepreneurial, intensive and delinked), whose dynamics partly explain the tensions that these resources are generating. We further show the importance of studying these mechanisms not via their managers' intentions but via the effects and unexpected uses made of the technical, scientific and managerial instruments deployed. Detailed analysis concludes that the scientific and technical models, often perceived as neutral by their designers, are not necessarily universal. The way a common good is qualified by its users also has to be incorporated in the management process, an aspect which managers frequently underestimate. Review of the instruments employed to qualify goes beyond the dichotomies and controversies over forms of learning, and demonstrates that there is no pure scientific method of producing knowledge about animals. We finally present an analysis of the market for the goods and services that these mechanisms produce, and show there is no self-regulating market in genetic resources. It is hence important to manage their dissemination in order to preserve the mechanisms' legitimacy. This research provides a fuller understanding of the role that instruments play in cooperative production of territorialized common goods. Instrumentation that assists the learning process and the management of diverse points of views can then be designed.
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 18, 2009 - 8:00:00 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, October 22, 2022 - 5:25:47 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, September 30, 2010 - 8:57:55 PM


  • HAL Id : pastel-00005220, version 1


Julie Labatut. Gérer des biens communs : processus de conception et régimes de coopération dans la gestion des ressources génétiques animales. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. École Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009ENMP1600⟩. ⟨pastel-00005220⟩



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