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Accélération d'électrons dans l'interaction laser-plasma : développement et caractérisation d'un injecteur optique

Abstract : In any particle accelerator, the injector plays a crucial role since it determines most of the characteristics of the accelerated beam. This is also true for laser-plasma accelerators, that are based on the interaction of an ultra short, ultra intense laser with an underdense plasma. However, due to the compacity of these accelerators, injection is a real challenge : to obtain a good beam quality, injected electron beams have to be ultra short and precisely synchronized with the laser. In this manuscript, the relevance of an optical injector, that relies on a second laser pulse, is experimentally demonstrated. With this injector, mono energetic electron beams have been produced in a stable manner. Moreover, this injector gives control over the electron beam parameters. Using the parameters of the second laser pulse, it has been proven that the energy, the charge and the energy spread of the accelerated beam can be simply tuned. Those additional controls make it possible to study in great details the physical phenomena at play during the acceleration. Beam loading effects, due to the interaction of the accelerated bunch with the plasma, have been identified and studied. With optimized injector parameters, the narrowest electron beams measured to date in the laser plasma interaction have been obtained, with a relative energy spread of 1%.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 3, 2010 - 8:00:00 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 3, 2019 - 10:48:01 AM
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Clément Rechatin. Accélération d'électrons dans l'interaction laser-plasma : développement et caractérisation d'un injecteur optique. Physique [physics]. Ecole Polytechnique X, 2009. Français. ⟨pastel-00005570⟩

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