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Models and methods of risk assessment and control in dangerous goods transportation (DGT) systems, using innovative information and communication technologies

Abstract : I have developed more than one models and methods of risk assessment in hazmat transportation systems, because of the multiplicity of approach that could be followed to evaluate risk - from a risk averse approach to a consequence based approach. All the models that I have described and defined are based on the classical definition of technological risk - related to humans activity - categorized as accidental risk, where the risk is related to the failure - or accident - of a vehicle transporting hazmat matters. This risk definition is the same for the pipeline and road, but I can use different methodological approaches to evaluate transport risk. Using this basic assumption that "an accident could happened" in road as in pipeline transportation, in Chapter n.2 I have defined what is an hazmat and which type of hazmat I considered in this study, which modalities are generally taken into account, and which of them I have chosen for my research activity, and finally, what are the relative regulations. Chapter n.3 deal with the risk definition in the transport of hazmat, respectively, in pipeline and on road, starting from only one risk definition, based univocally on the risks related to humans activities, but exposing similarities and differences between pipeline and road transport risk definition. Then, in Chapter n.4 the methodology use to describe pipeline risk assessment has been tackled. Subsequently, in Chapter n.5 an innovative and technological model used to describe a DG accident scenario by road, and the population involved, has been described. In Chapter n.6 I tackle specific models and methods of risk assessment and control in DGT by road, considering two different approaches: a risk avers decision maker approach and an optimal control of DGT flow approach in a critical infrastructure, in other words, in a tunnel. Finally Chapter n.7, report and summarize respectively conclusions.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, August 10, 2010 - 2:13:06 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:02:33 AM
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Angela Maria Tomasoni. Models and methods of risk assessment and control in dangerous goods transportation (DGT) systems, using innovative information and communication technologies. Chemical Sciences. École Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris; Università degli studi di Genova - Italie, 2010. English. ⟨NNT : 2010ENMP1703⟩. ⟨pastel-00006223⟩

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