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Numerical modeling of fatigue crack growth in single crystal nickel based superalloys

Abstract : Single crystal components operating at elevated temperatures are subjected to severe thermomechanical loading conditions. The geometry and behaviour of these components are now very complex. A major issue is to develop models to predict crack initiation and crack growth in the presence of strong stress and temperature gradients. The strongly anisotropic elastoviscoplastic behaviour of the material which is a single crystal nickel base superalloy, must be taken into account. The corresponding model should be able to account for anisotropic crack growth and crack bifurcation in complex stress elds. Moreoever the model must be capable of predicting not only the crack growth rate but also the non-straight crack paths. Anisotropic damage mechanics is a well-suited theoretical framework for the development of crack growth models in single crystals. A model coupling crystal plasticity and cyclic damage has been developed in a previous project, that shows the interest of the approach, but also its current limits, in particular the strong mesh dependence of the results. Recent development of nonlocal models within the framework of the mechanics of generalized continua could help overcoming these difficulties. A large experimental basis exists concerning initiation and crack growth in single crystal nickel base superalloys. Finite element simulations of the thermomechanics of turbine blades provide detailed information about stress and plastic strain distribution, in particular near geometrical singularities like cooling holes and slits. First of all, on the basis of crystal plasticity theory which provides a solid link between stress and plastic strains, an uncoupled damage mechanics model based on the history of FE calculations will be presented. Afterwards, an incremental damage model based on generalized continua will be proposed and model predictions for the initiation and growth of microcracks by solving the mesh dependency, will be discussed.
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Submitted on : Monday, November 29, 2010 - 2:19:37 PM
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  • HAL Id : pastel-00540893, version 1

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Ozgur Aslan. Numerical modeling of fatigue crack growth in single crystal nickel based superalloys. Materials. École Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2010. English. ⟨NNT : 2010ENMP0007⟩. ⟨pastel-00540893⟩

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