]. A. Bibliographie and . Chapman, England's Leonardo : Robert Hooke and the seventeenth-century scientific revolution, 2005.

S. F. Butterworth-heinemann, A. Borg, A. R. Sarvazyan, S. Skovoroda, J. Emelianov et al., Matrix tensor methods in continuum mechanics Brooks, and I. Hill. An introduction to geophysical exploration Biophysical bases of elasticity imaging Frequency-domain wave equation and its time-domain solutions in attenuating media Magnetic resonance elastography : non-invasive mapping of tissue elasticity, World Scientific Acoust Imag E. Kinsler. Fundamental of acoustics J Acoust Soc Am Med Image Anal, vol.219, issue.54, pp.223-411431, 1982.

R. Bagley and P. Torvik, A Theoretical Basis for the Application of Fractional Calculus to Viscoelasticity, Journal of Rheology, vol.27, issue.3, pp.201-211, 1983.
DOI : 10.1122/1.549724

J. Lemaitre, Handbook of materials behavior models, 2001.

J. Hildebrandt, Comparison of mathematical models for cat lung and viscoelastic balloon derived by laplace transform methods from pressurevolume data, The Bulletin of Mathematical Biophysics, vol.54, issue.4, pp.651-67, 1969.
DOI : 10.1007/BF02477779

W. Glöckle and T. Nonnenmacher, Fractional integral operators and Fox functions in the theory of viscoelasticity, Macromolecules, vol.24, issue.24, pp.6426-6460, 1991.
DOI : 10.1021/ma00024a009

T. Szabo and J. Wu, A model for longitudinal and shear wave propagation in viscoelastic media, The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, vol.107, issue.5, pp.2437-2483, 2000.
DOI : 10.1121/1.428630

M. Kiss, T. Varghese, and T. Hall, canine tissue, Physics in Medicine and Biology, vol.49, issue.18, pp.4207-4225, 2004.
DOI : 10.1088/0031-9155/49/18/002

N. Desprat, A. Richert, J. Simeon, and A. Asnacios, Creep Function of a Single Living Cell, Biophysical Journal, vol.88, issue.3, pp.2224-2257, 2005.
DOI : 10.1529/biophysj.104.050278

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00005354

K. B. Oldham and J. Spanier, The fractional calculus, 1974.

H. Schiessel, R. Metzler, A. Blumen, and T. F. Nonnenmacher, Generalized viscoelastic models: their fractional equations with solutions, Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General, vol.28, issue.23, pp.6567-84, 1995.
DOI : 10.1088/0305-4470/28/23/012

A. Lion, On the thermodynamics of fractional damping elements, Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics, vol.9, issue.2, pp.83-96, 1997.
DOI : 10.1007/s001610050057

DOI : 10.1006/jsvi.1999.2495

V. Djordjevic, J. Jaric, B. Fabry, J. Fredberg, and D. Stamenovic, Fractional Derivatives Embody Essential Features of Cell Rheological Behavior, Annals of Biomedical Engineering, vol.31, issue.6, pp.31692-31701, 2003.
DOI : 10.1114/1.1574026

M. Kohandel, S. Sivaloganathan, G. Tenti, and K. Darvish, Frequency dependence of complex moduli of brain tissue using a fractional Zener model, Physics in Medicine and Biology, vol.50, issue.12, pp.2799-805, 2005.
DOI : 10.1088/0031-9155/50/12/005

H. Schiessel and A. Blumen, Hierarchical analogues to fractional relaxation equations, Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General, vol.26, issue.19
DOI : 10.1088/0305-4470/26/19/034

R. L. Bagley and P. J. Torvik, On the Fractional Calculus Model of Viscoelastic Behavior, Journal of Rheology, vol.30, issue.1, pp.133-55, 1986.
DOI : 10.1122/1.549887

T. Szabo, Time domain wave equations for lossy media obeying a frequency power law, The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, vol.96, issue.1
DOI : 10.1121/1.410434

J. Alcaraz, L. Buscemi, M. Grabulosa, X. Trepat, B. Fabry et al., Microrheology of Human Lung Epithelial Cells Measured by Atomic Force Microscopy, Biophysical Journal, vol.84, issue.3, pp.2071-2080, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0006-3495(03)75014-0

G. N. Maksym, B. Fabry, J. P. Butler, D. Navajas, D. J. Tschumperlin et al., Mechanical properties of cultured human airway smooth muscles cells from 0.05 to 0.4 Hz Rheology of F-actin solutions determined from thermally driven tracer motion, J Appl Physiol J Rheol, vol.89, issue.444, pp.1619-32917, 2000.

B. Fabry, G. N. Maksym, J. P. Butler, M. Glogauer, D. Navajas et al., Scaling the Microrheology of Living Cells, Physical Review Letters, vol.87, issue.14, p.148102, 2001.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevLett.87.148102

B. Fabry, G. N. Maksym, J. P. Butler, M. Glogauer, D. Navajas et al., Time scale and other invariants of integrative mechanical behavior in living cells, Physical Review E, vol.68, issue.4, p.41914, 2003.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevE.68.041914

T. M. Atanackovic, A modified Zener model of a viscoelastic body, Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics, vol.14, issue.2, pp.137-185, 2002.
DOI : 10.1007/s001610100056

T. M. Atanackovic and B. Stankovic, Dynamics of a Viscoelastic Rod of Fractional Derivative Type, ZAMM, vol.82, issue.6, pp.377-86, 2002.
DOI : 10.1002/1521-4001(200206)82:6<377::AID-ZAMM377>3.0.CO;2-M

P. Sollich, Rheological constitutive equation for a model of soft glassy materials, Physical Review E, vol.58, issue.1, pp.738-59, 1998.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevE.58.738

N. Heymans, Constitutive equations for polymer viscoelasticity derived from hierarchical models in cases of failure of time???temperature superposition, Signal Processing, vol.83, issue.11, pp.2346-57, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0165-1684(03)00187-7

C. Verdier, Rheological Properties of Living Materials. From Cells to Tissues, Journal of Theoretical Medicine, vol.5, issue.2, pp.67-91, 2003.
DOI : 10.1080/10273360410001678083

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00197581

M. Baumgaertel and H. H. Winter, Determination of discrete relaxation and retardation time spectra from dynamic mechanical data, Rheologica Acta, vol.32, issue.6, pp.511-520, 1989.
DOI : 10.1007/BF01332922

J. K. Jackson and H. H. Winter, The relaxation of linear flexible polymers which are slightly poly-disperse, Rheologica Acta, vol.22, issue.2, pp.645-55, 1996.
DOI : 10.1007/BF00396513

C. Verdier, P. Y. Longin, and M. Piau, Dynamic shear and compressional behavior of polydimethylsiloxanes: Ultrasonic and low frequency characterization, Rheologica Acta, vol.37, issue.3, pp.234-278, 1998.
DOI : 10.1007/s003970050111

F. G. Schmidt, F. Ziemann, and E. Sackmann, Shear field mapping in actin networks by using magnetic tweezers, European Biophysics Journal, vol.24, issue.5, pp.348-53, 1996.
DOI : 10.1007/BF00180376

P. Sollich, F. Lequeux, P. Hébraud, and M. E. Cates, Rheology of Soft Glassy Materials, Physical Review Letters, vol.78, issue.10, pp.2020-2023, 1997.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevLett.78.2020

F. Pignon, A. Magnin, and J. M. Piau, Butterfly Light Scattering Pattern and Rheology of a Sheared Thixotropic Clay Gel, Physical Review Letters, vol.79, issue.23, pp.4689-92, 1997.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevLett.79.4689

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00341261

F. G. Schmidt, B. Hinner, E. Sackmann, and J. X. Tang, Viscoelastic properties of semiflexible filamentous bacteriophage fd, Physical Review E, vol.62, issue.4, pp.5509-5526, 2000.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevE.62.5509

J. Fromageau, J. L. Gennisson, C. Schmitt, R. Maurice, R. Mongrain et al., Estimation of polyvinyl alcohol cryogel mechanical properties with four ultrasound elastography methods and comparison with gold standard testings, IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, vol.54, issue.3, pp.498-509, 2007.
DOI : 10.1109/TUFFC.2007.273

K. C. Chu and B. K. Rutt, Polyvinyl alcohol cryogel: An ideal phantom material for MR studies of arterial flow and elasticity, Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, vol.183, issue.2, pp.314-323, 1997.
DOI : 10.1002/mrm.1910370230

R. Muthupillai, P. J. Rossman, D. J. Lomas, J. F. Greenleaf, S. J. Riederer et al., Magnetic resonance imaging of transverse acoustic strain waves, Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, vol.1, issue.2, pp.266-74, 1996.
DOI : 10.1002/mrm.1910360214

R. Sinkus, J. Lorenzen, D. Schrader, M. Lorenzen, M. Dargatz et al., MR- Elastography applied to in-vivo MR-Mammography, ISMRM 7th Philadelphia, p.259, 1999.

S. Catheline, J. L. Gennisson, G. Delon, M. Fink, R. Sinkus et al., Measurement of viscoelastic properties of homogeneous soft solid using transient elastography: An inverse problem approach, The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, vol.116, issue.6, pp.3734-3775, 2004.
DOI : 10.1121/1.1815075

Y. C. Fung, Biomechanics : mechanical properties of living tissues, 1993.

D. L. Franklin, W. Schlegel, and R. F. Rushmer, Blood Flow Measured by Doppler Frequency Shift of Back-Scattered Ultrasound, Science, vol.134, issue.3478, pp.564-569, 1961.
DOI : 10.1126/science.134.3478.564

C. Elsberg, The edwin smith surgical papyrus and the diagnosis and treatment of injuries to the skull and spine 5000 years ago, Ann Med Hint, vol.8, pp.271-280, 1981.

R. J. Dickinson and C. R. Hill, Measurement of soft tissue motion using correlation between A-scans, Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology, vol.8, issue.3, pp.263-71, 1982.
DOI : 10.1016/0301-5629(82)90032-1

A. Eisenscher, E. Schweg-toffler, G. Pelletier, and P. Jacquemard, La palpation échographique rythmée : Echosismographie, Journal de Radiologie, vol.64, issue.4, pp.255-61, 1983.

J. Ophir, I. Céspedes, H. Ponnekanti, Y. Yazdi, and X. Li, Elastography: A Quantitative Method for Imaging the Elasticity of Biological Tissues, Ultrasonic Imaging, vol.13, issue.2, pp.111-145, 1991.
DOI : 10.1177/016173469101300201

R. M. Lerner, S. R. Huang, and K. J. Parker, ???Sonoelasticity??? images derived from ultrasound signals in mechanically vibrated tissues, Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology, vol.16, issue.3, pp.231-240, 1990.
DOI : 10.1016/0301-5629(90)90002-T

K. J. Parker, S. R. Huang, R. A. Musulin, and R. M. Lerner, Tissue response to mechanical vibrations for ???sonoelasticity imaging???, 55] M. Fatemi and J. F. Greenleaf. Ultrasound-stimulated vibro-acoustic spectrography, pp.241-247, 1990.
DOI : 10.1016/0301-5629(90)90003-U

M. Fatemi and J. F. Greenleaf, Application of Radiation Force in Noncontact Measurement of the Elastic Parameters, Ultrasonic Imaging, vol.21, issue.2, pp.147-154, 1999.
DOI : 10.1177/016173469902100205

A. P. Sarvazyan, O. V. Rudenko, S. D. Swanson, J. B. Fowlkes, and S. Y. Emelianov, Shear wave elasticity imaging: a new ultrasonic technology of medical diagnostics, Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology, vol.24, issue.9, pp.1419-1454, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0301-5629(98)00110-0

I. Cespedes, J. Ophir, H. Ponnekanti, and N. Maklad, Elastography: Elasticity Imaging Using Ultrasound with Application to Muscle and Breast in Vivo, Ultrasonic Imaging, vol.15, issue.2, pp.73-88, 1993.
DOI : 10.1177/016173469301500201

E. E. Konofagou, J. Ophir, J. Kallel, and F. Varghese, Elastographic Dynamic Range Expansion Using Variable Applied Strains, Ultrasonic Imaging, vol.19, issue.2, pp.145-66, 1997.
DOI : 10.1177/016173469701900205

E. Konofagou and J. Ophir, A new elastographic method for estimation and imaging of lateral displacements, lateral strains, corrected axial strains and poisson???s ratios in tissues, Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology, vol.24, issue.8, pp.1183-99, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0301-5629(98)00109-4

R. Souchon, O. Rouvière, A. Gelet, V. Detti, S. Srinivasan et al., Visualisation of HIFU lesions using elastography of the human prostate in vivo: preliminary results, Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology, vol.29, issue.7, pp.1007-1015, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0301-5629(03)00065-6

T. A. Krouskop, B. S. Dougherty, and F. S. Vinson, A pulsed doppler ultrasonic system for makins noninvasive measurements of the mechanical properties of soft tissue, J Rehabil Res Dev, vol.24, pp.1-8, 1987.

R. M. Lerner, K. J. Parker, J. Holen, R. Gramiak, and R. C. Waag, Sono-Elasticity: Medical Elasticity Images Derived from Ultrasound Signals in Mechanically Vibrated Targets
DOI : 10.1007/978-1-4613-0725-9_31

S. R. Huang, R. M. Lerner, and K. J. Parker, Time domain Doppler estimators of the amplitude of vibrating targets, The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, vol.91, issue.2, pp.965-74, 1992.
DOI : 10.1121/1.402502

K. J. Parker and R. M. Lerner, Sonoelasticity of organs: shear waves ring a bell, Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine, vol.11, issue.8, pp.387-92, 1992.
DOI : 10.7863/jum.1992.11.8.387

Y. Yamakoshi, J. Sato, and T. Sato, Ultrasonic imaging of internal vibration of soft tissue under forced vibration, IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, vol.37, issue.2, pp.45-53, 1990.
DOI : 10.1109/58.46969

S. F. Levinson, M. Shinagawa, and T. Sato, Sonoelastic determination of human skeletal muscle elasticity, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.28, issue.10, pp.1145-54, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(94)00173-2

K. Fujii, T. Sato, K. Kameyama, T. Inoue, K. Yokoyama et al., Imaging system of precise heardness distribution in soft tissue in vivo using forced vibration and ultrasonic detection, Acoust Imaging Proceedings, pp.253-261, 1994.

V. Dutt, R. R. Kinnick, and J. F. Greenleaf, Acoustic shear wave displacement measurement using ultrasound, 1996 IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium. Proceedings, pp.1185-1193, 1996.
DOI : 10.1109/ULTSYM.1996.584202

G. Torr, The acoustic radiation force, American Journal of Physics, vol.52, issue.5, pp.402-410, 1984.
DOI : 10.1119/1.13625

G. T. Silva, A model for image formation in vibro???acoustography, The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, vol.116, issue.4, 2002.
DOI : 10.1121/1.4785010

C. Pislaru, R. R. Kinnick, B. Kantor, J. L. Allen, M. Fatemi et al., In vivo detection of arterial calcifications using a new ultrasound method, vibroacoustography. Circulation, p.525, 2003.

K. Alizad, M. Fatemi, and J. F. Greenleaf, Detection of native heart valve calcification with vibro-acoustography, Circulation, vol.104, p.354, 2001.

A. Alizad, M. Fatemi, R. A. Nishimura, R. R. Kinnick, E. Rambod et al., Detection of calcium deposits on heart valve leaflets by vibro-acoustography: An in vitro study, Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography, vol.15, issue.11, pp.1391-1396, 2002.
DOI : 10.1067/mje.2002.124985

S. Callé, J. P. Remenieras, O. B. Matar, M. Defontaine, and F. Patat, Application of nonlinear phenomena induced by focused ultrasound to bone imaging, Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology, vol.29, issue.3, pp.465-72, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0301-5629(02)00729-9

M. Fatemi, L. E. Wold, A. Alizad, and J. F. Greenleaf, Vibro-acoustic tissue mammography, IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging, vol.21, issue.1, pp.1-8, 2002.
DOI : 10.1109/42.981229

A. Alizad, M. Fatemi, L. E. Wold, and J. F. Greenleaf, Performance of Vibro-Acoustography in Detecting Microcalcifications in Excised Human Breast Tissue: A Study of 74 Tissue Samples, IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging, vol.23, issue.3, pp.307-319, 2004.
DOI : 10.1109/TMI.2004.824241

S. G. Chen, M. Fatemi, and J. F. Greenleaf, Quantifying elasticity and viscosity from measurement of shear wave speed dispersion, The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, vol.115, issue.6, pp.2781-2786, 2004.
DOI : 10.1121/1.1739480

K. R. Nightingale, M. L. Palmeri, R. W. Nightingale, and G. E. Trahey, On the feasibility of remote palpation using acoustic radiation force, The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, vol.110, issue.1, pp.625-659, 2001.
DOI : 10.1121/1.1378344

K. Nightingale, R. Bentley, G. T. Fahey, M. Palmeri, and G. Trahey, Observations of Tissue Response to Acoustic Radiation Force: Opportunities for Imaging, Ultrasonic Imaging, vol.84, issue.3, pp.129-38193, 2002.
DOI : 10.1177/016173460202400301

M. Palmeri and K. Nightingale, On the thermal effects associated with radiation force imaging of soft tissue, IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, vol.51, issue.5, pp.551-65, 2004.
DOI : 10.1109/TUFFC.2004.1320828

K. Nightingale, M. S. Soo, R. Nightingale, and G. Trahey, Acoustic radiation force impulse imaging: in vivo demonstration of clinical feasibility, Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology, vol.28, issue.2, pp.227-262, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0301-5629(01)00499-9

K. Nightingale, S. Mcaleavey, and G. Trahey, Shear-wave generation using acoustic radiation force: in vivo and ex vivo results, Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology, vol.29, issue.12, pp.1715-1738, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2003.08.008

S. Catheline, J. L. Thomas, F. Wu, and M. A. Fink, Diffraction field of a low frequency vibrator in soft tissues using transient elastography, IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, vol.46, issue.4, pp.1013-1019, 1999.
DOI : 10.1109/58.775668

J. L. Gennisson, Le palpeur acoustique : un nouvel outil d'investigations des tissus biologiques, 2003.

L. Sandrin, B. Fourquet, J. M. Hasquenoph, S. Yon, C. Fournier et al., Transient elastography: a new noninvasive method for assessment of hepatic fibrosis, Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology, vol.29, issue.12, pp.291705-291718, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2003.07.001

W. Walker, . Friemel, G. Bohs, and . Trahey, Real-time imaging of tissue vibration using a twodimensional speckle tracking system, Ultrason Symposium, vol.2, pp.873-880, 1993.

L. Sandrin, . Tanter, M. Catheline, and . Fink, Shear modulus imaging with 2-D transient elastography, IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, vol.49, issue.4, pp.426-461, 2002.
DOI : 10.1109/58.996560

J. Bercoff, S. Chaffai, M. Tanter, L. Sandrin, S. Catheline et al., In vivo breast tumor detection using transient elastography, Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology, vol.29, issue.10, pp.291387-96, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0301-5629(03)00978-5

M. Muller, J. Gennisson, T. Deffieux, R. Sinkus, P. Annic et al., 8C-5 Full 3D Inversion of the Viscoelasticity Wave Propagation Problem for 3D Ultrasound Elastography in Breast Cancer Diagnosis, 2007 IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium Proceedings, pp.672-677, 2007.
DOI : 10.1109/ULTSYM.2007.174

J. Bercoff, M. Tanter, and M. Fink, Supersonic shear imaging: a new technique for soft tissue elasticity mapping, IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, vol.51, issue.4, pp.396-409, 2004.
DOI : 10.1109/TUFFC.2004.1295425

J. Bercoff, M. Tanter, and M. Fink, Sonic boom in soft materials: The elastic Cerenkov effect, Applied Physics Letters, vol.84, issue.12, pp.2202-2206, 2004.
DOI : 10.1063/1.1667613

I. I. Rabi, Space Quantization in a Gyrating Magnetic Field, Physical Review, vol.51, issue.8, pp.652-656, 1937.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRev.51.652

E. M. Purcell, H. C. Torrey, and R. V. Pound, Resonance Absorption by Nuclear Magnetic Moments in a Solid, Physical Review, vol.69, issue.1-2, pp.37-45, 1946.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRev.69.37

F. Bloch, W. W. Hansen, and M. Packard, Nuclear Induction, Physical Review, vol.69, issue.3-4, p.127, 1946.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRev.69.127

F. Bloch, Nuclear Induction, Physical Review, vol.70, issue.7-8, pp.460-74, 1946.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRev.70.460

P. C. Lauterbur, Image Formation by Induced Local Interactions: Examples Employing Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Nature, vol.178, issue.5394, pp.190-191, 1973.
DOI : 10.1038/242190a0

A. N. Garroway, P. K. Grannel, and P. Mansfield, Image formation in NMR by a selective irradiative process, Journal of Physics C: Solid State Physics, vol.7, issue.24, pp.457-62, 1974.
DOI : 10.1088/0022-3719/7/24/006

A. Kumar, D. Welti, and R. R. Ernst, NMR fourier zeugmatography, J Magn Reson, vol.18, issue.1, pp.69-83, 1975.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jmr.2011.09.019

P. Mansfield, Multi-planar image formation using NMR spin echoes, Journal of Physics C: Solid State Physics, vol.10, issue.3, pp.55-63, 1977.
DOI : 10.1088/0022-3719/10/3/004

B. Chapman, R. Turner, R. J. Ordidge, M. Doyle, M. Cawley et al., Real-time movie imaging from a single cardiac cycle by NMR, Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, vol.19, issue.3, pp.246-54, 1987.
DOI : 10.1002/mrm.1910050305

P. A. Bandettini, E. C. Wong, R. S. Hinks, R. S. Tikofsky, and J. S. Hyde, Time course EPI of human brain function during task activation, Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, vol.254, issue.2, pp.390-397, 1992.
DOI : 10.1002/mrm.1910250220

M. S. Albert, G. D. Cates, B. Driehuys, W. Happer, B. Saam et al., Biological magnetic resonance imaging using laser-polarized 129Xe, Nature, vol.370, issue.6486, pp.199-201, 1994.
DOI : 10.1038/370199a0

R. Muthupillai, R. L. Ehman-]-e, D. Hahn, E. Le-bihan, D. Breton et al., Magnetic resonance elastography Spin echoes MR imaging of intravoxel incoherent motions : application to diffusion and perfusion in neurologic disorders, Nat Med Phys Rev Radiology, vol.2108, issue.8042, pp.601-3580, 1950.

J. B. Fowlkes, S. Y. Emelianov, J. G. Pipe, A. R. Skovoroda, P. L. Carson et al., Magnetic-resonance imaging techniques for detection of elasticity variation, Medical Physics, vol.22, issue.11, pp.1771-1779, 1995.
DOI : 10.1118/1.597633

D. B. Plewes, I. Betty, S. N. Urchuk, and I. Soutar, Visualizing tissue compliance with MR imaging, Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, vol.97, issue.6, pp.733-741, 1995.
DOI : 10.1002/jmri.1880050620

R. Sinkus, J. Lorenzen, D. Schrader, M. Lorenzen, M. Dargatz et al., High-resolution tensor MR elastography for breast tumour detection, Physics in Medicine and Biology, vol.45, issue.6, pp.1649-64, 2000.
DOI : 10.1088/0031-9155/45/6/317

D. Le-bihan, J. Delannoy, and R. L. Levin, Temperature mapping with MR imaging of molecular diffusion: application to hyperthermia., Radiology, vol.171, issue.3, pp.853-857, 1989.
DOI : 10.1148/radiology.171.3.2717764

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00350080

Y. Ishihara, A. Calderon, H. Watanabe, K. Okamoto, Y. Suzuki et al., A precise and fast temperature mapping using water proton chemical shift, Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, vol.103, issue.6, pp.814-837, 1995.
DOI : 10.1002/mrm.1910340606

. Jolesz, A clinical, noninvasive, MR imaging-monitored ultrasound surgery method, Radiographics, vol.16, issue.1, pp.185-95, 1996.

K. Hynynen, N. I. Vykhodtseva, A. H. Chung, V. Sorrentino, V. Colucci et al., Thermal effects of focused ultrasound on the brain: determination with MR imaging., Radiology, vol.204, issue.1, pp.247-53, 1997.
DOI : 10.1148/radiology.204.1.9205255

A. H. Aletras, S. Ding, R. S. Balaban, and H. Wen, DENSE: Displacement Encoding with Stimulated Echoes in Cardiac Functional MRI, Journal of Magnetic Resonance, vol.137, issue.1, pp.247-52, 1999.
DOI : 10.1006/jmre.1998.1676

L. Huwart, F. Peeters, R. Sinkus, L. Annet, N. Salameh et al., Liver fibrosis: non-invasive assessment with MR elastography, NMR in Biomedicine, vol.67, issue.2, pp.173-182, 2006.
DOI : 10.1002/nbm.1030

R. Sinkus, K. Siegmann, T. Xydeas, M. Tanter, C. Claussen et al., MR elastography of breast lesions: Understanding the solid/liquid duality can improve the specificity of contrast-enhanced MR mammography, Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, vol.13, issue.6, pp.1135-1179, 2007.
DOI : 10.1002/mrm.21404

M. A. Green, L. E. Bilston, and R. Sinkus, brain viscoelastic properties measured by magnetic resonance elastography, NMR in Biomedicine, vol.28, issue.7, pp.755-764, 2008.
DOI : 10.1002/nbm.1254

D. Royer and E. Dieulesaint, Ondes élastiques dans les solides. Tome 1 : Propagation libre et guidée, 1996.

J. Rump, D. Klatt, J. Braun, and C. , Fractional encoding of harmonic motions in MR elastography, Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, vol.54, issue.2, pp.388-95, 2007.
DOI : 10.1002/mrm.21152

O. Bieri, S. Maderwald, M. E. Ladd, and K. Scheffler, Balanced alternating steady-state elastography, Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, vol.15, issue.2, pp.233-274, 2006.
DOI : 10.1002/mrm.20812

A. J. Lawrence, R. Muthupillai, P. J. Rossman, J. A. Smith, R. L. Manduca et al., MR Elastography of the breast : preliminary results, In Proc Intl Soc Magn Reson Med, vol.6, p.233, 1998.

. Ehman, Assessment of breat cancer by magnetic resonance elastography, Proc Intl Soc Magn Reson Med, p.525, 1999.

E. Van-houten, M. Doyley, F. Kennedy, J. Weaver, and K. Paulsen, Initial in vivo experience with steady-state subzone-based MR elastography of the human breast, Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, vol.7, issue.1, pp.72-85, 2003.
DOI : 10.1002/jmri.10232

S. A. Kruse, M. A. Dresner, P. J. Rossman, J. P. Felmlee, C. R. Jack et al., Palpation of the brain using magnetic resonance elastography, Proc Intl Soc Magn Reson Med, p.258, 1999.

J. Vappou, E. Breton, P. Choquet, R. Willinger, and A. Constantinesco, Assessment of in vivo and post-mortem mechanical behavior of brain tissue using magnetic resonance elastography, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.41, issue.14, p.page in press, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2008.07.034

S. Kruse, J. Smith, M. Lawrence, A. Dresner, J. Manduca et al., Tissue characterization using magnetic resonance elastography: preliminary results*, Physics in Medicine and Biology, vol.45, issue.6
DOI : 10.1088/0031-9155/45/6/313

T. Oida, A. Amano, and T. Matsuda, Magnetic resonance elastography : in vivo measurements of elasticity for human tissue, International Conference on Informatics Research for Development of Knowledge Society Infrastructure, 2004. ICKS 2004., pp.57-64, 2004.
DOI : 10.1109/ICKS.2004.1313409

T. Beek, J. Rahier, R. Sinkus, Y. Horsmans, B. E. Van et al., Magnetic resonance elastography for the noninvasive staging of liver fibrosis, Gastroenterology, vol.135, issue.1, pp.32-40, 2008.

]. R. Sinkus, M. Tanter, S. Catheline, J. Lorenzen, C. Kuhl et al., Imaging anisotropic and viscous properties of breast tissue by magnetic resonance-elastography, Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, vol.8, issue.2, pp.372-87, 2005.
DOI : 10.1002/mrm.20355

K. P. Mcgee, R. D. Hubmayr, and R. L. Ehman, MR elastography of the lung with hyperpolarized3He, Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, vol.111, issue.1, pp.14-22, 2008.
DOI : 10.1002/mrm.21465

K. Scheffler and S. Lehnhardt, Principles and applications of balanced SSFP techniques, European Radiology, vol.13, issue.11, pp.2409-2427, 2003.
DOI : 10.1007/s00330-003-1957-x

J. Rump, C. Warmuth, J. Braun, and I. Sack, Phase preparation in steady-state free precession MR elastography, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, vol.26, issue.2, pp.228-235, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.mri.2007.07.009

D. Kim, F. H. Epstein, W. D. Gilson, and L. Axel, Increasing the signal-to-noise ratio in DENSE MRI by combining displacement-encoded echoes, Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, vol.1, issue.1, pp.188-92, 2004.
DOI : 10.1002/mrm.20109

C. P. Neu and J. H. Walton, Displacement encoding for the measurement of cartilage deformation, Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, vol.28, issue.1, pp.149-55, 2008.
DOI : 10.1002/mrm.21464

H. Wen, E. Bennett, N. Epstein, and J. Plehn, Magnetic resonance imaging assessment of myocardial elastic modulus and viscosity using displacement imaging and phase-contrast velocity mapping, Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, vol.283, issue.3, pp.538-586, 2005.
DOI : 10.1002/mrm.20589

E. A. Zerhouni, D. M. Parish, W. J. Rogers, A. Yang, and E. P. Shapiro, Human heart: tagging with MR imaging--a method for noninvasive assessment of myocardial motion., Radiology, vol.169, issue.1, pp.59-63, 1988.
DOI : 10.1148/radiology.169.1.3420283

B. T. Wyman, W. C. Hunter, F. W. Prinzen, and E. R. Mcveigh, Mapping propagation of mechanical activation in the paced heart with MRI tagging, Am J Physiol, vol.276, issue.3 2, pp.881-91, 1999.

W. Liu, J. Chen, S. Ji, J. Allen, P. Bayly et al., Harmonic phase MR tagging for direct quantification of lagrangian strain in rat hearts after myocardial infarction, Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, vol.94, issue.6, pp.1282-90, 2004.
DOI : 10.1002/mrm.20276

E. Konofagou, J. , and J. Ophir, Myocardial elastography???a feasibility study in vivo, Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology, vol.28, issue.4, pp.475-82, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0301-5629(02)00488-X

H. Kanai, Propagation of spontaneously actuated pulsive vibration in human heart wall and in vivo viscoelasticity estimation, IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, vol.52, issue.11, pp.1931-1973, 2005.
DOI : 10.1109/TUFFC.2005.1561662

L. Garrido, V. J. Wedeen, K. K. Kwong, U. M. Spencer, and H. L. Kantor, Anisotropy of water diffusion in the myocardium of the rat, Circulation Research, vol.74, issue.5, pp.789-793, 1994.
DOI : 10.1161/01.RES.74.5.789

W. Y. Tseng, T. G. Reese, R. M. Weisskoff, and V. J. Wedeen, Cardiac diffusion tensor MRI in vivo without strain correction, Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, vol.63, issue.2, pp.393-403, 1999.
DOI : 10.1002/(SICI)1522-2594(199908)42:2<393::AID-MRM22>3.0.CO;2-F