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Les paiements pour services environnementaux pour la protection de la biodiversité Évaluation des "contrats de conservation" et des autres "incitations directes à la conservation" dans la région Est de Madagascar

Abstract : On the assumption that participatory approaches and indirect incentives to conservation that were applied in Madagascar did not yield the expected positive results, payment for environmental services (PES) schemes were therefore promoted for biodiversity protection. The forms adopted are "conservation contracts" or contracts for "participatory ecological monitoring activities". To generate optimal impacts and to avoid the same weaknesses as in traditional conservation approaches, PES have to be simultaneously effective towards a targeted objective and fair (according to the theory of Justice of Rawls, the notion of capabilities of Sen and the rariny and hitsiny in the Malagasy society). In Madagascar however, PES contracts seem to be neither effective nor fair. Moreover, the pursuit of effectiveness often makes contracts even more unfair. Nevertheless once improved, PES might be very useful tools. In spite of having a single goal, PES should in that case have a wider objective such as sustainable development: they would be then qualified as "second generation PES".
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https://pastel.archives-ouvertes.fr/pastel-00557195
Contributor : Mino Randrianarison <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 18, 2011 - 4:48:35 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:37:40 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, December 2, 2016 - 2:22:07 PM

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Minoarivelo Randrianarison. Les paiements pour services environnementaux pour la protection de la biodiversité Évaluation des "contrats de conservation" et des autres "incitations directes à la conservation" dans la région Est de Madagascar. Environnement et Société. AgroParisTech, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010AGPT0035⟩. ⟨pastel-00557195⟩

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