Performance de la R&D en rupture et des stratégies d'innovation : organisation, pilotage et modèle d'adhésion

Abstract : Managing breakthrough innovation projects is a challenge that spans across organizations. Arguably, the tools used in managing and evaluating such projects should be largely different than traditional tools, due to the multidimensional uncertainty of breakthrough projects. However, studies show that most companies use conventional monitoring methods of project management, even in breakthrough innovation contexts. Based on a thirty-month intervention research in the Department of Research and Advanced Engineering at Renault, this PhD thesis analyses the inadequacies of traditional tools and suggests a new approach and adapted instruments. In partnership with R&D teams, an analysis of traditional practices and tools used for measuring projects value has been realized. We show two major drawbacks: a) these approaches focus on economic and strategic evaluations of projects and portfolios - excluding commitment mechanisms of internal stakeholders, b) most of such evaluation methods treat the uncertainties in an exogenous way. Based on these observations, a monitoring model combining three axis of project value is proposed: 1. a conditional use of economic analysis following risks, opportunities and maturity of innovation; 2. qualification of strategic issues and associate management; 3. monitoring of organizational impact and commitment mechanisms of internal design partners. Points 1 and 2 are improvements of existing approaches. However, building a commitment model has little equivalent in literature and practice. This dimension explains differentiated evolutions of projects within the firm. The model has been mobilized at Renault for projects process since 2009.
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Contributor : Sophie Hooge <>
Submitted on : Friday, February 11, 2011 - 11:20:54 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 23, 2019 - 3:09:29 PM
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  • HAL Id : pastel-00565210, version 1

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Sophie Hooge. Performance de la R&D en rupture et des stratégies d'innovation : organisation, pilotage et modèle d'adhésion. Gestion et management. École Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010ENMP0018⟩. ⟨pastel-00565210⟩

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