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Contribution à la définition et à l'évaluation de la mutualisation de chaînes logistiques pour réduire les émissions de CO2 du transport : application au cas de la grande distribution

Abstract : This research aims to define and assess the performance of a different logistics organization: the pooling of supply chains. It implies to design a pooled logistics network within several companies by sharing logistics resources (warehouses, distribution centers, transportation means, etc.) and logistics systems, in order to improve supply chains' logistics performance. The performance of this new logistics organization was assessed by two criteria: primarily the environmental criteria measured by the CO2 emissions from transport and secondly economic consequences measured by the logistics cost. The difference between environment optimization and economic optimization was also examined. Two cases study were conducted in collaboration with French logistical organizations (Club Demeter and FEEF), respectively based on the major food suppliers and the small and medium food suppliers of the fast moving consumer goods in France. The optimization models for transport optimization aiming to minimize CO2 emissions or logistics cost were formalized and implemented in order to design pooled networks. The results obtained show that the pooling supply chains lead to a significant reduction in CO2 emissions from transport: between -20% and -50% according to the cases studied. The economic performance is less remarkable, but also often more beneficial than the current situation. This performance depends in particular on the relative evolution of transportation costs between rail and road. For example, carbon taxation could allow a better transport allocation from an environment and an economic standpoint.
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https://pastel.archives-ouvertes.fr/pastel-00566265
Contributor : Bibliothèque Mines Paristech <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, February 15, 2011 - 4:57:52 PM
Last modification on : Monday, October 19, 2020 - 10:55:29 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, May 16, 2011 - 3:18:47 AM

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  • HAL Id : pastel-00566265, version 1

Citation

Shenle Pan. Contribution à la définition et à l'évaluation de la mutualisation de chaînes logistiques pour réduire les émissions de CO2 du transport : application au cas de la grande distribution. Gestion et management. École Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010ENMP0051⟩. ⟨pastel-00566265⟩

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