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L'élevage pastoral et la céréaliculture dans la steppe algérienne. Évolution et possibilités de développement

Abstract : For centuries, the algerian steppe has been exploited by nomadic tribes living by pastoral transhumant herding of small ruminants. Divided and destabilized by inappropriate government policies and projects during and after the french colonization, these tribal-regulated pastureland have given way to a competitive family-operation mode of pasture. To meet a growing demand for ovine meat, following a high population growth, breeders increased their herds, extended the mechanized grain farming and increased purchases of feed grains. The overloaded ranges that supplied the bulk of animal feed have been degraded, transhumance reduced and small breeders impoverished. Today, the prohibition of cereals culture on fragile lands and the closure of degraded grazing pastures are a necessity. However, they will not be enough either to protect or to restore the fertility of the steppe, nor sufficient to improve the livelihoods of agro-pastoralists; and will remain so as long as the untapped cropland and pastureland resources in the region have not been permanently deployed to increase and regulate forage availability. Sustainable development of agro-pastoral livestock in the steppe would be greatly facilitated by implementing participatory and coordinated programs and projects, integrated to strategies for sustainable development of the region and country.
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https://pastel.archives-ouvertes.fr/pastel-00586977
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 7, 2020 - 4:50:21 AM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 2:38:10 PM

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Slimane Bencherif. L'élevage pastoral et la céréaliculture dans la steppe algérienne. Évolution et possibilités de développement. Agriculture, économie et politique. AgroParisTech, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011AGPT0017⟩. ⟨pastel-00586977v2⟩

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