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Contribution à l'analyse prospective des usages dans les projets d'innovation

Abstract : Product use has gained increasing importance in innovative design. A close examination of use analysis practices, however, shows that many tools used in this capacity rely on prior decisions regarding which users and which activities design should target. This is an issue in innovation projects where product use is subject to great uncertainty, e.g. when generating new product concepts based on emerging technologies, or when validating concepts addressing specific use-related stakes, such as safety. How can one anticipate the uses of a product which does not yet exist? What status should one give such anticipation in the design project? We attempt to answer by using the concept of prospective use analysis. Through experimental simulations of design meetings focused on anticipating future use, we examine the benefits of tools from creativity and reliability engineering, to help designers produce prospective scenarios of future use, in order to guide the innovative design process.
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https://pastel.archives-ouvertes.fr/pastel-00620406
Contributor : Julien Nelson <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, September 7, 2011 - 4:23:51 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:50:55 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, December 5, 2016 - 12:39:12 AM

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  • HAL Id : pastel-00620406, version 1

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Julien Nelson. Contribution à l'analyse prospective des usages dans les projets d'innovation. Génie mécanique [physics.class-ph]. Arts et Métiers ParisTech, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011ENAM0022⟩. ⟨pastel-00620406⟩

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