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Comportement hydromécanique de matériaux constitutifs de plateformes ferroviaires anciennes

Abstract : The present work deals with the coupled hydro-mechanical behaviour of the blanket layer of the old railway trackbed. The main aim is to check the operation of the trackbed without drainage and to optimize the works of modernization of old railway in cutting. Firstly, identification tests were carried out on materials taken from the site of Sénissiat. The results showed that the blanket layer soil of this site is well graded from 0 to 63 mm and has a very high density (d = 2.39 Mg/m3). Secondly, an infiltration column of 300 mm in diameter were developed to study the hydraulic behaviour of the blanket layer. A low hydraulic conductivity (ks  2.2x10-7 m/s) of this layer was estimated according to the experimental results. Thirdly, an experimental study on the mechanical behaviour of the blanket layer was performed. This study shows a significant effect of the water content on the mechanical behaviour of the blanket layer. A permanent deformation model accounting for the influence of loading cycles, loading level and hydric state was elaborated based on the experimental results. Finally, the measurements of suction, temperature and weather parameters were carried out in a cutting without drainage at the site of Moulin Blanc to complete the study of the behaviour of the trackbed without drainage. A global analysis of the laboratory results with in-situ measurements shows that the decision regarding the setup of the drainage system required to establish justifications showing limited effects of the water content, based on a in-depth study on the water cycle for each site concerned
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Viet Nam Trinh. Comportement hydromécanique de matériaux constitutifs de plateformes ferroviaires anciennes. Autre. Université Paris-Est, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011PEST1125⟩. ⟨pastel-00647893⟩

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