Analyse expérimentale et modélisation micromécaniques du comportement élastique et de l'endommagement de composites SiC/SiC unidirectionnels

Abstract : Because of their potential use as a cladding material in future nuclear reactors, the complex mechanical behavior of SiC/SiC composites, which combines damage and anisotropy, must be understood and predictable. As part of a multi-scale approach, this work focuses on the first scale change: from the elementary constituents to the tow. Micromechanical approaches are implemented to describe the macroscopic behavior of the tow taking into account its microstructure heterogeneity and damage mechanisms occurring at the local scale. A representative virtual microstructure is generated based on a detailed microstructural investigation of the tow and its elastic response is studied by numerical homogenization. In addition to addressing the mechanical RVE issue, this study highlights the significant effects of residual porosity on the transverse behavior of the tow, due to the matrix infiltration process. The longitudinal damage is being studied through minicomposites, for which the evolution of microscopic damage mechanisms (matrix cracks and fiber breaks) is experimentally analyzed (in-situ SEM and tomography tensile tests). The identification of interfacial parameters of a 1D statistical damage model is based on the experimental characterization. Conventional assumptions of such models can adequately describe matrix cracking at macro and micro scale. However it is necessary to change them to get a proper prediction of ultimate failure.
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https://pastel.archives-ouvertes.fr/pastel-00656244
Contributor : Camille Chateau <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 3, 2012 - 6:25:26 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 27, 2019 - 4:16:23 PM
Long-term archiving on : Wednesday, April 4, 2012 - 3:00:41 AM

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  • HAL Id : pastel-00656244, version 1

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Camille Chateau. Analyse expérimentale et modélisation micromécaniques du comportement élastique et de l'endommagement de composites SiC/SiC unidirectionnels. Mécanique des matériaux [physics.class-ph]. Ecole Polytechnique X, 2011. Français. ⟨pastel-00656244⟩

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