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Comportement de l'interface sols-structure sous sollicitations cycliques : application au calcul des fondations profondes

Abstract : We study in this present work the behavior of the soil-structure interface under large number of cycles (100 000 cycles). An important program with a probe-pile jacked into the beds of sand was carried out in calibration chamber. We interested particularly on the evolution of local skin friction and tip resistance at different initial state of beds (initial density and confining pressure) and the parameters of the load (cyclic displacement amplitude). We conducted an important part of the experimental work under axial cyclic displacement controlled test which allows studying the large number of cycles. After the degradation phase, already observed by several authors (about 1000 cycles), an important re-increase in the skin friction at large cyclic number was observed at low values of initial tip resistance.This re-increase is attributed to a high dilation of sand around the probe. However, for high values of initial tip resistance there is almost not re-increase in the skin friction. This is due tothe formation of a shear band around the probe made of crushed sand. These reduce theroughness of the probe by cementing/sealing. In addition to the displacement-controlled tests, we conducted the load-controlled tests in order to study the stability of the pile. The results showed a good agreement with the displacement-controlled tests. Finally, empirical model of evolution of skin friction and tip resistance have been proposed in order to reproduce the experimental results. This model was incorporated into a computational model of pile under cyclic axial loading. The first simulations showed a good agreement with the experimental results at low number of cycles
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Brahim Tali. Comportement de l'interface sols-structure sous sollicitations cycliques : application au calcul des fondations profondes. Autre. Université Paris-Est, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011PEST1121⟩. ⟨pastel-00657267⟩

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