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Tests de lessivage acide de minerais d'uranium et modélisations géochimiques des réactions : application à la récupération minière in situ (ISR)

Abstract : The in situ Recovery (ISR) method consists of ore mining by in situ chemical leaching with acid or alkaline solutions. ISR takes place underground and is therefore limited to the analysis of the pumped solutions, hence ISR mine management is still empirical. Numerical modelling has been considered to achieve more efficient management of this process. Three different phenomena have to be taken into account for numerical simulations of uranium ISR mining: (1) geochemical reactions; (2) the kinetics of these reactions, and (3) hydrodynamic transport with respect to the reaction kinetics. Leaching tests have been conducted on ore samples from an uranium mine in Tortkuduk (Kazakhstan) where ISR is conducted by acid leaching. Two types of leaching experiments were performed: (1) tests in batch reactors; and (2) extraction in flow through columns. The assumptions deduced from the leaching tests were tested and validated by modelling the laboratory experiments with the numerical codes CHESS and HYTEC, both developed at the Géosciences research center of Mines ParisTech. A well-constrained 1D hydrogeochemical transport model of the ISR process at laboratory-scale was proposed. It enables to translate the chemical release sequence that is observed during experiments into a geochemical reaction sequence. It was possible to highlight the controlling factors of uranium dissolution, and the precipitation of secondary mineral phase in the deposit, as well as the determination of the relative importance of these factors.
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https://pastel.archives-ouvertes.fr/pastel-00657386
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Submitted on : Friday, January 6, 2012 - 2:54:16 PM
Last modification on : Monday, October 19, 2020 - 10:55:41 AM
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  • HAL Id : pastel-00657386, version 1

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Rose Ben Simon. Tests de lessivage acide de minerais d'uranium et modélisations géochimiques des réactions : application à la récupération minière in situ (ISR). Géochimie. École Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011ENMP0044⟩. ⟨pastel-00657386⟩

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