Etude de dégradation des voies ferrées urbaines

Abstract : This work is part of the collaboration between the laboratory Navier (UMR ENPC /IFSTTAR/ CNRS) and ALSTOM Transport company (TGS/Trackway). It focuses on the study of the degradation of urban railways. The components of track considered in this study are the rail and the concrete slab. Regarding the rail, different problems are discussed : wheel - rail contact, rail wear, rail corrugation and rolling contact fatigue (RCF). A numerical tool with graphical interfaces, called CONUS, is developed to predict the behaviour of the wheel - rail contact, the rail wear, and the rail corrugation problems. Classical theories (Hertz, Kalker, Archard, etc...) are implemented in this tool. The stationary method is implemented in a finite element software to study the asymptotic state of the rail steel under repeated loading of trains.The damage mechanics is used to predict the fatigue life of concrete. Marigo's formalism coupled with Mazars' damage model is used to predict the gradual degradation of material stiffness under cyclic loading. A campaign of fatigue tests for concrete in bending was conducted. It aims at validating the theoretical model and identifying material parameters. We applied this method in order to design the concrete slabs of urban railway. The lattice model was used to study the crack propagation in concrete structures. This model was implemented in the finite element software, CESAR-LCPC. The numerical results obtained for simple structures under static loading are consistent with the results of laboratory experiments. This model was then used to study the crack propagation under fatigue loading. For that purpose, a simple damage model of degradation of the "beams" elements describes the kinematics of crack propagation with a satisfying accuracy
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Other. Université Paris-Est, 2011. French. <NNT : 2011PEST1101>


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Si Hai Mai. Etude de dégradation des voies ferrées urbaines. Other. Université Paris-Est, 2011. French. <NNT : 2011PEST1101>. <pastel-00659068>

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