D. Helbing, I. Farkas, and T. Vicsek, Simulating dynamic features of escape panic, Nature, vol.407, p.487490, 2000.

G. and K. Still, Crowd Dynamics, 2000.

D. Helbing, Trac and related self-driven many-particle systems, Reviews of Modern Physics, vol.73, p.10671141, 2002.

P. Pécol, S. Dal-pont, S. Erlicher, and P. Argoul, Discrete approaches for crowd movement modelling, Revue europ??enne de m??canique num??rique, vol.20, issue.1-4, pp.1-4189, 2011.
DOI : 10.3166/ejcm.20.189-206

C. Reynolds, Flocks, herds, and schools : a distributed behavioral model, Computer Graphics, vol.21, p.2534, 1987.

D. Helbing and P. Molnár, Social force model for pedestrian dynamics, Physical Review E, vol.51, issue.5, p.42824286, 1995.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevE.51.4282

W. Song, Y. Yu, B. Wang, and W. Fan, Evacuation behaviors at exit in ca model with force essentials : a comparison with social force model, Physica A, vol.371, p.658666, 2006.

. Th, G. Robin, M. Antonini, J. Bierlaire, and . Cruz, Specication, estimation and validation of a pedestrian walking behavior model, Transportation Research Part B, 2008.

J. Venel, Modélisation mathématique des mouvements de foule, 2008.

Y. Matsumoto, S. Sato, T. Nishioka, and H. Shiojiri, A study on design of pedestrian over-bridges, Transactions of JSCE, vol.4, p.5051, 1972.

T. P. Andriacchi, J. A. Ogle, and J. O. Galante, Walking speed as a basis for normal and abnormal gait measurements, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.10, issue.4, 1977.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(77)90049-5

S. Zivanovì-c, A. Pavì, and P. Reynolds, Vibration serviceability of footbridges under human-induced excitation : a litterature review, Journal of Sound and Vibration, vol.279, 2005.

J. E. Wheeler, Prediction and control of pedestrian induced vibration in footbriges, ASCE Journal of the Structural Division, vol.108, issue.ST9, 1982.

M. Garcia, Stability, scaling, and chaos in passive-dynamic gait models, 1999.

T. Narukawa, K. Yokoyama, M. Takahashi, and K. Yoshida, An Experimental Study of Three-Dimensional Passive Dynamic Walking with Flat Feet and Ankle Springs, 2010.
DOI : 10.5772/10327

A. A. Zadpoor, A. A. Nikooyan, and A. Arshi, A model-based parametric study of impact force during running, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.40, issue.9, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2006.09.016

Q. H. Ly, A. Alaoui, S. Erlicher, and L. Baly, Inuence of shoe midsoles dynamic properties and of the ground stiness on the impact force during running, Journal of Biomechanics. sounmis

S. Erlicher, Modèles non linéaires et leur identication dans le génie civil et sismique

C. Wassgren, Dem modeling : Lecture 11 coarse contact detection. Cours, Purdue University

B. Muth, M. K. Müller, P. Eberhard, and S. Luding, Collision detection and administration methods for many particles with dierent sizes, 2007.

H. Singh, R. Arter, L. Dodd, and J. Drury, Modelling subgroup behavior in crowd dynamics dem simulation, Applied Mathematical Modelling, vol.33, p.44084423, 2009.

M. Moussaïd, N. Perozo, S. Garnier, D. Helbing, and G. Theraulaz, The Walking Behaviour of Pedestrian Social Groups and Its Impact on Crowd Dynamics, PLoS ONE, vol.60, issue.4
DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0010047.s002

J. J. Fruin, Designing for pedestrians : a level of service concept, Highway Research Record, p.115, 1971.

A. D. Pizzimenti and R. Ricciardelli, Experimental evaluation of the dynamic lateral loading of footbridges by walking pedestrians. Eurodyn, 2005.

J. Bodgi, S. Erlicher, and P. Argoul, Pedestrian -footbridge synchronization : analytical study of a macroscopic model

J. S. Milazzo, N. M. Rouphail, J. E. Hummer, and D. P. Allen, The eect of pedestrians on the capacity of signalized intersections, Transportation Research Record : Journal of the Transportation Research Board, vol.1646, p.3746, 1998.

N. Bellomo, V. Coscia, and M. Delitala, On the mathematical theory of vehicular trac ow i. uid dynamic and kinetic modelling, Mathematical Models and Methods in Applied Sciences, vol.12, issue.12, p.18011843, 2002.

R. L. Hughes, A continuum theory for the ow of pedestrians, Transportation Research Part B : Methodological, vol.36, p.507535, 2002.

J. Bodgi, Synchronisation piétons-structure : Application aux vibrations des passerelles souples, Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées, 2008.

B. Piccoli and A. Tosin, Pedestrian ows in bounded domains with obstacles, Continuum Mech. Thermodyn, vol.21, p.85107, 2009.

B. Piccoli and A. Tosin, Time-evolving measures and macroscopic modeling of pedestrian ow, Arch. Rational Mech. Anal, p.707738, 2011.

V. Blue and J. Adler, Cellular automata microsimulation of bi-directional pedestrian ows, Journal of the Transportation Research Board, p.135141, 1678.

G. Antonini, S. Venegas, J. Thiran, and M. Bierlaire, A discrete choice pedestrian behavior model for pedestrian detection in visual tracking systems, Proceedings of the Advanced Concepts for Intelligent Vision Systems, 2004.

S. Paris, Characterisation of levels of services and modelling of ows of people inside exchange areas, 2007.

L. F. Henderson, The statistics of crowd uids, Nature, vol.229, p.381383, 1971.

W. Daamen, Modelling passenger ows in public transport facilities, 2004.

U. Weidmann, Transporttechnik der Fussgänger. ETH-Zürich, Schriftenreihe IVT- Berichte 90, 1993.

M. Fuckamachi and T. Nagatani, Sidle eect on pedestrian counter ow, Physica A, vol.377, p.269278, 2007.

S. Reicher, The st. pauls riot an explanation of the limits of crowd action in terms of asocial identity model, EUR. J. SOCIAL PSYCHOL, vol.14, p.121, 1984.

H. Timmermans, X. Vanderhagen, and A. Borgers, Transportation systems, retail environments and pedestrian trip chaining behaviour: Modelling issues and applications, Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, vol.26, issue.1, 1992.
DOI : 10.1016/0191-2615(92)90019-S

URL : http://repository.tue.nl/589630

S. P. Hoogendoorn, Walker behaviour modelling by dierential games, Proc. of the Computational Physics of Transport and Interface Dynamics Seminar, 2002.

L. Bruno and F. Venuti, Crowd???structure interaction in footbridges: Modelling, application to a real case-study and sensitivity analyses, Journal of Sound and Vibration, vol.323, issue.1-2, p.475493, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jsv.2008.12.015

C. Reynolds, Steering behaviors for autonomous characters, Game Developers Conference, p.763782, 1999.

D. Helbing, I. Farkas, P. Molnár, and T. Vicsek, Simulation of pedestrians crowds in normal and evacuation situations, Pedestrian and evacuation dynamics, p.2158, 2002.

D. R. Parisi and C. O. Dorso, Microscopic dynamics of pedestrian evacuation, Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, vol.354, p.606618, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.physa.2005.02.040

T. Lakoba and N. M. Finkelstein, Modications of the helbing-molnár-farkas-vicsek social force model for pedestrian evolution, SIMULATION, vol.81, issue.5, p.339352, 2005.

D. R. Parisi and C. O. Dorso, Morphological and dynamical aspects of the room evacuation process, Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, vol.385, issue.1, p.343355, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.physa.2007.06.033

D. R. Parisi, M. Gilman, and H. Moldovan, A modication of the social force model can reproduce experimental data of pedestrian ows in normal conditions, Physica A, vol.388, p.36003608, 2009.

N. Pelechano, J. M. Addler, and N. I. Badler, Controlling individual agents in highdensity crowd simulation, Proc. of the 2007 ACM SIGGRAPH/ Eurographics Symposium on Computer Animation, p.99108, 2007.

A. Kirchner, H. Klüpfel, K. Nishinari, A. Schadschneider, and M. Schreckenberg, Simulation of competitive egress behavior: comparison with aircraft evacuation data, Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, vol.324, issue.3-4, p.689697, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0378-4371(03)00076-1

D. Zhao, L. Yang, and J. Li, Exit dynamics of occupant evacuation in an emergency, Physica A, vol.363, p.501511, 2006.

K. Yamamoto, S. Kokubo, and K. Nishinari, Simulation for pedestrian dynamics by real-coded cellular automata (RCA), Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, vol.379, issue.2, p.654660, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.physa.2007.02.040

H. Yue, H. Hao, X. Chen, and C. Shao, Simulation of pedestrian ow on square lattice based on cellular automata model, Physica A, vol.384, p.567588, 2007.

G. Antonini, M. Bierlaire, and M. Weber, Simulation of pedestrian behavior using a discrete choice model calibrated on actual motion data, Proceedings of the 4th STRC Swiss Transport Research Conference, 2004.

G. Antonini, A discrete choice modeling framework for pedestrian walking behavior with application to human tracking in video sequences, 2005.

G. Antonini, M. Bierlaire, and M. Weber, Discrete choice models of pedestrian walking behavior, Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, vol.40, issue.8, p.667687, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.trb.2005.09.006

B. Maury, A time-stepping scheme for inelastic collisions, Numerische Mathematik, vol.102, issue.4, p.649679, 2006.
DOI : 10.1007/s00211-005-0666-6

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01473592

S. Zivanovì-c and V. , Racì c, I. El-Bahnasy, and A.Pavì c. Statistical characterisation of parameters dening human walking as observed on an indoor passerelle, Experimental Vibration Analysis for Civil Engineering Structures, EVACES'07, 2007.

J. Blanchard, B. L. Davies, and J. W. Smith, Design criteria and analysis for dynamic loading of footbridges, Procceedings of the DEO and DOT TRRL Symposium on Dynamic Behaviour of Bridges, 1977.

S. C. Kerr and N. W. Bishop, Human induced loading on exible staircases, Engineering Structure, vol.23, p.3745, 2001.

D. R. Leonard, Human tolerence level for bridge vibrations, 1966.

H. Bachmann, A. J. Pretlove, and H. Rainer, Dynamic forces from rythnical human body motions. in. Vibration problems in structures : practical guidelines, 1995.

C. Sahnaci and M. Kasperski, Random loads induced by walking. Eurodyn, p.441446, 2005.

P. Dallard, A. J. Fitzpatrick, A. Flint, A. Low, and R. M. Smith, The millenium bridge london -problems and solutions. The Structural Engineer, p.79, 2001.

R. Cross, Standing, walking, running, and jumping on a force plate, American Journal of Physics, vol.67, issue.4, p.304309, 1999.
DOI : 10.1119/1.19253

F. C. Harper, W. J. Warlow, and B. L. Clarke, The forces applied to the oor by the foot in walking, National Building Studies, vol.32, 1961.

F. C. Harper, The mechanics of walking, 1962.

F. W. Galbraith and M. V. Barton, Ground Loading from Footsteps, The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, vol.48, issue.5B, 1970.
DOI : 10.1121/1.1912271

S. C. Kerr, Human induced loading on staircases, 1998.

S. V. Ohlsson, Floor vibration and human disconfort, 1982.

P. Charles, C. Delavaud, A. Hekimian, J. Renault, and T. Saez, Dispositif d'essais sur un modèle de passerelle -rapport d'essais. SETRA, 2005.

P. Dallard, A. J. Fitzpatrick, A. Flint, S. L. Bourva, A. Low et al., The london millenium footbridge. The Structural Engineer, p.79, 2001.

H. Bachmann and W. Ammann, Vibrations in structures -induced by man and machines . Structural Engineering Documents, International Association of, Bridge and Structural EngineeringIABSE), issue.3, 1987.

J. E. Wheeler, Pedestrian-induced vibrations in footbridges, Proceedings of the 10th Australian Road Research Board (ARRB) Conference, p.10, 1980.

T. Mcgeer, Passive Dynamic Walking, The International Journal of Robotics Research, vol.2, issue.4, 1990.
DOI : 10.1177/027836499000900206

B. M. Nigg and W. Liu, The eect of the muscle stiness and damping on simulated impact force peaks during running, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.32, 1999.

J. M. Brownjohn, A. Pavic, and P. Omenzetter, A spectral density approach for modelling continuous vertical forces on pedestrian structures due to walking, Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, vol.31, issue.1, p.31, 2004.
DOI : 10.1139/l03-072

M. R. Willford and P. Young, Improved methodologies for the prediction of footfallinduced vibration. Eurodyn, 2005.

P. Young, Improved oor vibration methodologies, ARUP Vibration Seminar, 2001.

C. Seiler and S. Häuttner, A uniform model for pedestrian induced loads for dierent types of motion-theory, experimental tests and practical application, Eurodyn, 2005.

P. Eriksson, Vibration of low-frequency oors -dynamic forces and response prediction, 1994.

S. Erlicher, A. Trovato, and P. Argoul, Modeling the lateral pedestrian force on a rigid oor by a self-sustained oscillator, Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing, vol.24, 2010.

J. W. Smith, The Vibration of Highway Bridges and the eect on Human Comfort, 1969.

T. Kobori and Y. Kajikawa, ERGONOMIC EVALUATION METHODS FOR BRIDGE VIBRATIONS, Proceedings of the Japan Society of Civil Engineers, vol.1974, issue.230, p.4041, 1974.
DOI : 10.2208/jscej1969.1974.230_23

G. P. Tilly, D. W. Cullington, and R. Eyre, Dynamic behaviour of footbridges. IABSE Surveys S-26, IABSE Periodica, vol.84, issue.284, p.1324, 1984.

S. Afgc, Guide méthodologique : Passerelles piétonnes -évaluation du comportement vibratoire sous l'action des piétons. SETRA, 2006.

S. Nakamura, Field measurements of lateral vibration on a pedestrian suspension bridge. The Structural Engineer, p.2226, 2003.

P. W. Chen and L. E. Robertson, Human perception tresholds of horizontal motion, ASCE Journal of Structural Division, vol.92, issue.8, p.16811695, 1972.

B. R. Ellis and T. Ji, On the loads produced by crowds jumping on oors, Proc. of the Fourth International Conference on Structural Dynamics, p.12031208, 2008.

P. A. Cundall and O. D. Strack, A discrete numerical model for granular assemblies, G??otechnique, vol.29, issue.1, p.4765, 1979.
DOI : 10.1680/geot.1979.29.1.47

Y. Kishino, Disk model analysis of granular media, Micromechanics of Granular Materials, p.143152, 1988.

M. Jean and J. J. Moreau, Unilaterality and dry friction in the dynamics of rigid bodies collection, Contact Mechanics International Symposium, p.3148, 1992.

J. J. Moreau, New computation methods in granular dynamics, p.227232, 1993.

J. J. Moreau, Some numerical methods in multibody dynamics : Application to granular materials, Eur.J.Mech.A/Solids, vol.13, p.93114, 1994.

M. Renouf, Optimisation numérique et calcul parallele pour l'étude des milieux divisés bi-et tridimensionnels, II -Sciences et Techniques du Languedoc, 2004.

G. Saussine, C. Cholet, P. E. Gautier, F. Dubois, C. Bohatier et al., Modelling ballast behaviour under dynamic loading. Part 1: A 2D polygonal discrete element method approach, Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, vol.195, issue.19-22, p.28412859, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.cma.2005.07.006

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00580793

M. Frémond, Rigid bodies collisions, Physics Letters A, vol.204, p.3341, 1995.

M. Frémond, Collisions. Edizioni del Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile dell, 2007.

S. , D. Pont, and E. Dimnet, A theory for multiple collisions of rigid solids and numerical simulation of granular ow, Int.J.Solids and Structures, vol.4320, p.61006114, 2006.

S. , D. Pont, and E. Dimnet, Theoretical approach to instantaneous collisions and numerical simulation of granular media using the A-CD 2 method, Communications

E. Dimnet, Mouvement et collisions de solides rigides ou déformables, Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées, 2002.

G. De-saxcé and Z. Q. Feng, New inequation and functional for contact with friction : the implicit standard material approach, Mech. Struct. and Mach, vol.19, issue.3, p.301325, 1991.

G. De-saxcé and Z. Q. Feng, The bipotential method: A constructive approach to design the complete contact law with friction and improved numerical algorithms, Mathematical and Computer Modelling, vol.28, issue.4-8, pp.4-8225245, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0895-7177(98)00119-8

P. Pécol, S. Dal-pont, S. Erlicher, and P. Argoul, Modelling crowd-structure interaction, M??canique & Industries, vol.11, issue.6
DOI : 10.1051/meca/2010057

P. Pécol, S. Dal-pont, S. Erlicher, and P. Argoul, Smooth/non-smooth contact modelling of human crowds movement : numerical aspects and application to emergency evacuations, Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics, vol.2, pp.2-46985, 2011.

P. Pécol, P. Argoul, S. Dal-pont, and S. Erlicher, The non smooth view for contact dynamics by michel frémond extended to the modelling of crowd movements, AIMS' Journals, 2011.

H. C. Bruneel and I. De-rycke, QuickTrace: a fast algorithm to detect contact, International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, vol.3, issue.2
DOI : 10.1002/nme.428

Y. T. Feng, K. Han, and D. R. Owen, Filling domains with disks: an advancing front approach, International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, vol.55, issue.5, p.56, 2003.
DOI : 10.1002/nme.583

C. Ericson, Real Time Collision Detection, 2004.

N. Chrisochoides and D. Nave, Parallel Delaunay mesh generation kernel, International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, vol.177, issue.2, p.58, 2003.
DOI : 10.1002/nme.765

D. L. Tavares and J. L. Comba, Broad-phase collision detection using delaunay triangulation

J. Fortin and P. Coorevits, Selecting contact particles in dynamics franular mechanics systems, In ACOMEN, Liège (Belgium), 2002.

A. Schinner, Fast algorithms for the simulation of polygonal particles, Granular Matter, vol.2, issue.1, 1999.
DOI : 10.1007/s100350050032

E. Perkins and J. R. Williams, A fast contact detection algorithm insensitive to object sizes, Engineering Computations, vol.18, issue.1/2
DOI : 10.1108/02644400110365770

J. J. Moreau, Décomposition orthogonale d'un espace hilbertien selon deux cones mutuellement polaires, C. R. Acad. Sci, Ser. I, vol.255, p.238240, 1962.

F. Bernicot and A. Lefebvre-lepot, Existence results for non-smooth second order dierential inclusions, convergence result for a numerical scheme and application to the modelling of inelastic collisions, Conuentes Mathematici, vol.2, p.445471, 2010.

B. Maury and J. Venel, A discrete contact model for crowd motion, ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis, vol.45, issue.1
DOI : 10.1051/m2an/2010035

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00350815

J. J. Moreau, Unilateral contact and dry friction in nite freedom dynamics, Non Smooth Mechanics and Applications , CISM Courses and Lectures, p.182, 1988.

C. Cholet, Collisions d'un point et d'un plan, Comptes Rendus de l'Acad??mie des Sciences - Series I - Mathematics, vol.328, issue.5, p.455458, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0764-4442(99)80189-X

J. J. Moreau, Sur les lois du frottement, de la viscosité et de la plasticité, Comptes rendus de l'Académie des Sciences de Paris, p.608611, 1970.

C. Cholet, Chocs de solides rigides, 1998.

M. Jean, The non-smooth contact dynamics method, Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, vol.177, issue.3-4, p.235257, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0045-7825(98)00383-1

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01390459

P. Ciarlet, Introduction to numerical linear algebra and optimisation, 1989.

J. C. Simo and T. J. Hughes, Elastoplasticity and Viscoplasticity Computational Aspects, 1996.

S. P. Hoogendoorn, P. H. Bovy, and W. Daamen, Microscopic pedestrian waynding and dynamics modelling. Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics, p.123154, 2001.

R. Kimmel and J. A. Sethian, Fast marching methods for computing distance maps and shortest paths, 1996.

A. Seyfried, B. Steen, and T. Lippert, Basics of modelling the pedestrian ow, Physica A, vol.368, p.232238, 2006.

F. Caselli and M. Frémond, Collision of three balls on a plane, Computational Mechanics, vol.271, issue.2, 2008.
DOI : 10.1007/s00466-008-0342-7

S. Strogatz, D. Abrams, A. Mcrobie, B. Eckhardt, and E. Ott, Theoretical mechanics : Crowd synchrony on the millennium bridge (and supplementary information), Nature, p.438, 2005.

T. M. Roberts, Synchronised pedestrian lateral excitation of footbridges, Eurodyn, 2005.

D. E. Newland, Vibration of the london millenium bridge : Cause and cure, Int T Acoustics and Vibration, vol.8, issue.1

D. E. Newland, Pedestrian excitation of bridges, Proc Instn Mech Engrs, vol.218, 2003.

T. M. Roberts, Lateral Pedestrian Excitation of Footbridges, Journal of Bridge Engineering, vol.10, issue.1, 2005.
DOI : 10.1061/(ASCE)1084-0702(2005)10:1(107)

D. M. Abrams, Two coupled oscillator models : the millennium bridge and the chimera state, 2006.

B. Eckhardt, E. Ott, S. H. Strogatz, D. M. Abrams, and A. Mcrobie, Modeling walker synchronization on the Millennium Bridge, Physical Review E, vol.75, issue.2, 2007.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevE.75.021110

J. Guckenheimer and P. Holmes, Nonlinear oscillations, Dynamical systemes and Bifurcations of Vector Fields, Applied Mathematical Sciences, vol.42, 1983.

D. Helbing, L. Buzna, A. Johansson, and T. Werner, Self-Organized Pedestrian Crowd Dynamics: Experiments, Simulations, and Design Solutions, Transportation Science, vol.39, issue.1, p.124, 2005.
DOI : 10.1287/trsc.1040.0108

D. Helbing, M. Isobe, T. Nagatani, and K. Takimoto, Lattice gas simulation of experimentally studied evacuation dynamics, Physical Review E, vol.67, issue.6, p.67, 2003.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevE.67.067101

P. Charles, Comportement dynamique des passerelles piétonnes-comportement latéral d'une foule de piétons

B. Caetano, ´. A. Cunha, F. Magalhães, and C. Moutinho, Studies for controlling humaninduced vibration of the pedro e inês footbridge, portugal. part 1 : Assessment of dynamic behaviour, Engineering Structures, vol.32, p.10691081, 2010.

C. Chalons, La méthode fast-marching pour la propagation de fronts. cours ENSTA, 2009.

. Bibliographie, Productions scientiques Ce travail de thèse a fait l'objet de plusieurs publications : Articles

@. P. Pécol, S. Dal-pont, S. Erlicher, and P. , Modelling crowd-structure interaction, Mechanics & Industry, EDP Sciences, vol.11, issue.6, pp.495-504, 2010.

@. P. Pécol, S. Dal-pont, S. Erlicher, and P. , Discrete approaches for crowd movement modelling, Revue europ??enne de m??canique num??rique, vol.20, issue.1-4, pp.189-206, 2011.
DOI : 10.3166/ejcm.20.189-206

@. P. Pécol, S. Dal-pont, S. Erlicher, and P. , Smooth/non-smooth contact modeling of human crowds movement: numerical aspects and application to emergency evacuations, Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics, vol.9, issue.2, pp.69-8510, 2011.
DOI : 10.1007/s12356-011-0019-3

@. P. Pécol, P. Argoul, S. Dal-pont, and S. Erlicher, The non-smooth view for contact dynamics by Michel Frémond extended to the modelling of crowd movements, AIMS' Journals, 2011.

@. P. Pécol, S. Dal-pont, S. Erlicher, and P. , Modélisation du mouvement d'une foule sur une structure en vibration, 19ème Congrès Français de Mécanique, pp.24-28, 2009.

@. P. Pécol, S. Dal-pont, S. Erlicher, and P. , Interaction foule-structure, 2ème colloque francophone international de la Plate-Forme Intégratrice COPIE, pp.5-6, 2009.

@. P. Pécol, S. Erlicher, S. Dal-pont, and P. , Modèles pour les assemblées de particules : application aux mouvements de foule, Premier Colloque International IMPACT, 2010.

@. P. Pécol, S. Dal-pont, S. Erlicher, and P. , Modelling crowd-structure interaction, XVIIth Symposium Vibrations Chocs et Bruit, pp.16-17, 2010.
DOI : 10.1051/meca/2010057

@. P. Pécol, S. Dal-pont, S. Erlicher, and P. , Modélisation discrète des mouvements de foule. Application à l'interaction foule-structure, 10ème Colloque National en Calcul des Structures, Presqu'île de Giens, pp.9-13, 2011.

@. P. Pécol, S. Dal-pont, S. Erlicher, J. Bodgi, and P. , 2D discrete model for crowd-structure interaction, 4th International Conference, 2008.

@. P. Pécol, S. Dal-pont, S. Erlicher, and P. , Discrete modeling of crowd movements and crowd-structure coupling, Comp.Meth.Coupled Problems in Science and Engineering