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Des accélérateurs laser-plasma aux sources de rayonnement X femtoseconde : étude, développement et applications

Abstract : During the relativistic interaction between a short and intense laser pulse and an underdense plasma, electrons can be injected and accelerated up to hundreds of MeV in an accelerating structure formed in the wake of the pulse: this is the so-called laser-plasma accelerator. One of the major perspectives for laser-plasma accelerators resides in the realization of compact sources of femtosecond x-ray beams. In this thesis, two x-ray sources was studied and developed. The betatron radiation, intrinsic to laser-plasma accelerators, comes from the transverse oscillations of electrons during their acceleration. Its characterization by photon counting revealed an x-ray beam containing 10^9 photons, with energies extending above 10 keV. We also developed an all-optical Compton source producing photons with energies up to hundreds of keV, based on the collision between a photon beam and an electron beam. The potential of these x-ray sources was highlighted by the realization of single shot phase contrast imaging of a biological sample. Then, we showed that the betatron x-ray radiation can be a powerful tool to study the physics of laser-plasma acceleration. We demonstrated the possibility to map the x-ray emission region, which gives a unique insight into the interaction, permitting us for example to locate the region where electrons are injected. The x-ray angular and spectral properties allow us to gain information on the transverse dynamics of electrons during their acceleration.
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Contributor : Sébastien Corde Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, March 19, 2012 - 7:01:28 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 11, 2022 - 3:22:04 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, December 14, 2016 - 2:46:09 PM


  • HAL Id : pastel-00680257, version 1



Sébastien Corde. Des accélérateurs laser-plasma aux sources de rayonnement X femtoseconde : étude, développement et applications. Physique des plasmas [physics.plasm-ph]. Ecole Polytechnique X, 2012. Français. ⟨pastel-00680257⟩



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