Etude et conception d'un réseau sur puce dynamiquement adaptable pour la vision embarquée

Abstract : Modern portable vision systems include several types of image sensors such as colour, low-light or infrared sensor. Such system has to support heterogeneous image sources with different spatial resolutions, pixel granularities and working frequencies. This trend to multiply sensors is motivated by needs to complete sensor sensibilities with image fusion processing techniques, or sensor positions in the system. Moreover, portable vision systems implement image applications which require several images sources with a growing computing complexity. To face those challenges in integrating such a variety of functionalities, the embedded electronic computing system has to adapt permanently to preserve application timing performance in latency and processing, and to respect area and low-power constraints. In this thesis, we propose a new Network-On-Chip (NoC) adapted for a System-On-Chip (SoC) dedicated to image applications. This NoC can manage several pixel streams in parallel by adapting dynamically the datapatah between processing elements and memories. The new header packet structure enables adaptation mechanisms in routers by combining instructions and data in a same packet. To manage efficiently the frames storage required for an application, we propose a frame buffer system with an indirect frame addressing, which is able to manage several frames from different sensors. It features a hardware abstraction layer which is in charge to collect reading and writing requests, according to specific frame indicators such as the image source ID. The NoC has been validated in a complete processing architecture called Multi Data Flow Ring (MDFR) with a ring topology. The MDFR performances in time and area has been demonstrated for an FPGA target
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Nicolas Ngan. Etude et conception d'un réseau sur puce dynamiquement adaptable pour la vision embarquée. Autre [cs.OH]. Université Paris-Est, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011PEST1040⟩. ⟨pastel-00680788⟩

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