Astrophysique de laboratoire avec les lasers de haute énergie et de haute puissance : des chocs radiatifs aux jets d'étoiles jeunes

Alexandra Dizière 1
1 PHYHDEL
LULI - Laboratoire pour l'utilisation des lasers intenses
Abstract : Laboratory astrophysics are a rapidly developing domain of the High Energy Density Physics. It aims to recreate at smaller scales physical processes that astronomical telescopes have difficulties observing. We shall approach, in this thesis, three major subjects : 1) Jets ejected from young stars, characterized by an important collimation degree and ending with a bow shock; 2) Radiative shocks in which radiation emitted by the shock front itself plays a dominant role in its structure and 3) Accretion shocks in magnetic cataclysmic variables whose important cooling factor allows them to reach stationarity. From the conception to experimental realization, we shall attempt to reproduce in laboratory each of these processes by respecting the scaling laws linking both situations (experimental and astrophysical) established beforehand. The implementation of a large array of visible and X-ray diagnostics will finally allow to completely characterize them and calculate the dimensionless numbers that validate the astrophysical relevance.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 22, 2012 - 2:41:57 PM
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Alexandra Dizière. Astrophysique de laboratoire avec les lasers de haute énergie et de haute puissance : des chocs radiatifs aux jets d'étoiles jeunes. Physique des plasmas [physics.plasm-ph]. Ecole Polytechnique X, 2012. Français. ⟨pastel-00681798⟩

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