Coloration superficielle du béton frais via l'agent de décoffrage : comparaison avec la technique de peinture à fresque

Abstract : Concrete is an achromatic material that can be coloured through two main techniques: introduction of pigments in the bulk of the material, or application of a coloured layered on the hardened surface. This work focuses on an innovating alternative technique: the pigments are mixed with the demoulding agent, so that they can be transferred to the fresh concrete while it is poured into the mould. This method is ver y similar to the long-lasting fresco painting technique. The first par t of this work was dedicated to the study of ancient frescoes on lime or cement, in order to identify the main parameters responsible for the transfer and durable adhesion of the pigments to the plaster : compatibility between the binder and the capillar y water of the plaster, grain size of the pigments and shear stress between the brush and the plaster surface. In the second par t, these parameters were transposed to the case of concrete, which lead to satisfactor y solutions in terms of colour transfer and durability as well as surface proper ties of the concrete: the demoulding oil was replaced by low-viscosity non-ionic surfactants and the pigments were chosen to be finely dispersed in the demoulding solution. The last part consisted of a study of the mould - demoulding agent - concrete system and showed that the pigments are transferred to the concrete through the dewetting of the demoulding agent by the flowing concrete and the mixing of the two phases. This mechanism leads to the formation of a pigments - concrete interphase with a thickness of several tens micrometers. The depth of the pigments was quantified through a combination of scanning electron microscopy and Rutherford back-scattering spectroscopy. The durability of the colour was evaluated by colour measurements in the CIELab colorimetric space.
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Éléonore Gueit. Coloration superficielle du béton frais via l'agent de décoffrage : comparaison avec la technique de peinture à fresque. Autre. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012ENMP0004⟩. ⟨pastel-00686903⟩

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