Physique néoclassique pour la génération de courant dans les plasmas de tokamaks

Abstract : The Lie transform formalism is applied to charged particle dynamics in tokamak magnetic topologies, in order to build a Fokker-Planck type operator for Coulomb collisions usable for current drive. This approach makes it possible to reduce the problem to three dimensions (two in velocity space, one in real space) while keeping the wealth of phase-space cross-term coupling effects resulting from conservation of the toroidal canonical momentum (axisymmetry). This kinetic approach makes it possible to describe physical phenomena related to the presence of strong pressure gradients in plasmas of an unspecified form, like the bootstrap current which role will be paramount for the future ITER machine. The choice of coordinates and the method used are particularly adapted to the numerical resolution of the drift kinetic equation making it possible to calculate the particle distributions, which may present a strong variation with respect to the Maxwellian under the effect of an electric field (static or produced by a radio- frequency wave). This work, mainly dedicated to plasma physics of tokamaks, was extended to those of space plasmas with a magnetic dipole configuration.
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Contributor : François-Xavier Duthoit <>
Submitted on : Friday, June 15, 2012 - 5:25:05 PM
Last modification on : Monday, October 1, 2018 - 4:03:03 PM

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François-Xavier Duthoit. Physique néoclassique pour la génération de courant dans les plasmas de tokamaks. Physique des plasmas [physics.plasm-ph]. Ecole Polytechnique X, 2012. Français. ⟨pastel-00708795⟩

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