The impacts of slum policies on households' welfare: the case of Medellin (Colombia) and Mumbai (India)

Abstract : Slum policies play an important role in poverty alleviation efforts at the local scale and at the national scale - as poverty becomes increasingly 'urban' phenomena. However, poverty reduction is rarely positioned as the main objective of slum policies and, when occurring, is an indirect result of their application. The purpose of this thesis is to provide a more complete understanding of how slum policies affect households' welfare. To explore these issues, two slum-upgrading interventions are used as case studies: the Slum Rehabilitation Scheme in Mumbai (India) and Urban Integral Projects in Medellin (Colombia). This research has addressed issues ranging from the causes of post-rehabilitation residential mobility to the impacts of slum rehabilitation on households' access to credit as well as the effects of Urban Renewal Projects on housing consolidation. We used recent evolution in empirical economics methodologies that allow comparing policy beneficiaries to non-beneficiaries. In the case of Mumbai a household's survey was carried out by the author in 9 slum pockets, 4 of which had already been rehabilitated and 5 to-be rehabilitated slums. In the case of Medellin household level information was obtained from three secondary sources (the Quality of Life Survey, the Medellin Solidaria Survey and the SISBEN Survey) that allowed following a set of beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries before and after Urban Renewal Projects took place.
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Paula Restrepo Cadavid. The impacts of slum policies on households' welfare: the case of Medellin (Colombia) and Mumbai (India). Economics and Finance. École Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2011. English. ⟨NNT : 2011ENMP0089⟩. ⟨pastel-00711971⟩

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