Compréhension des mécanismes de transferts de gaz et de composés organiques dans le Polylactide (PLA)

Abstract : The understanding of the relationship between structure and properties is fundamental for materials conception and improvement, in particular for those used in food packaging industry. To contribute to the understanding of the transport phenomena in polylactide (PLA), this study was focused on the adjustment of PLA microstructure modulation related to its gas (oxygen, helium) and organic compounds (ethyl esters, fluorescent molecules) barrier properties. The microstructure was modulated i) by adding plasticizers (ATBC, PEG), ii) by crystallizing according to 3 processes, thermal treatment, organic compounds induced crystallization and biaxially orientation. These approaches, respectively enabled to vary, the ratio of amorphous phase and crystalline phase, free volume fraction into amorphous phase and the crystalline structure. The increase in crystallinity degree, by annealing from cold state, did not result in a systematic and significant decrease of the gas molecules transport coefficient (oxygen, helium). Two main hypotheses were formulated to explain this behaviour: de-densification of amorphous phase and the presence of a mobile and a rigid amorphous phase. The influence of biaxially orientation on gas barrier properties was strongly limited even at the highest stretching ratio (4×4). Nevertheless several morphologies can be formed thanks to this technique.The transport coefficient study by several methods (sorption, permeation and diffusion by solid/solid contact) highlighted a scale law with the fluorescent molecules and allowed to a first estimation of the α coefficient. Thanks to Electronic Spin Resonance approach, phase separation of plasticized systems by ATBC and PEG were highlighted. This method could be one of the means to probe the local heterogeneities and the micro-structural changes related to the interaction of permeating molecules and polymer matrix during transport.
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Cécile Courgneau. Compréhension des mécanismes de transferts de gaz et de composés organiques dans le Polylactide (PLA). Sciences agricoles. AgroParisTech, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011AGPT0024⟩. ⟨pastel-00722348⟩

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