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Métabolisme du fer et de l'hème chez Lactobacillus sakei

Abstract : Lactobacillus sakei is a meat-borne lactic acid bacteria. This species harbors a quite complete genetic equipment dedicated to iron utilization such putative iron transporters and 3 transcriptional iron-dependent regulators of the Fur family. We evaluate L. sakei ability to use iron sources encountered in its natural environment by i) developing an iron microanalysis method coupling microscopy (EELS) and mass spectrometry (Nano-SIMS), ii) functional study of the 3 Fur-like regulators and iii) global transcriptomic analysis in response to transferrin or heme. This work shows that iron in complexed forms (transferrin or heme) is internalized and leads to an enhanced survival in L. sakei cells. We show that the heme-dependant catalase is not the main factor implicated in this survival phenotype as the ΔkatA strain is not affected in its survival when heme is provided. Our work has revealed that heme and iron lead to different global responses. It also indicates a protecting effect of heme whereas transferrin induces stress. We show that the 3 Fur-like regulators belong to three functional families. The Mur regulator is implicated in manganese homeostasis, the PerR regulates genes implicated in the oxidative stress response and the Fur is implicated in iron storage, cells morphology and stress resistance. This study proves that heme and iron lead to different cellular responses in L. sakei and indicates that this metabolism could be an important adaptative factor in meat ecosystem.
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Philippe Duhutrel. Métabolisme du fer et de l'hème chez Lactobacillus sakei. Sciences agricoles. AgroParisTech, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011AGPT0025⟩. ⟨pastel-00728068⟩

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