Implication des systèmes à deux composants dans les réponses de Streptococcus thermophilus à des changements environnementaux, dont la coculture avec Lactobacillus bulgaricus.

Abstract : The lactic acid bacterium Streptococcus thermophilus is widely used in the dairy industry and, as a food bacterium, has to cope with changing environments such as milk, yogurt as well as the digestive tract, after the product has been ingested. Two-component systems (TCS), typically composed of a sensor kinase (HK) that detects a stimulus and of a response regulator (RR) which acts as a transcriptional regulator, are among the most prevalent means for bacteria to adapt to changing environments via fine-tune gene expression. To get a more comprehensive view of the role of all two-component systems in S. thermophilus physiology, we have investigated the contribution of each S. thermophilus LMD-9 TCS to its fitness and adaptation to milk. Transcriptomic studies (RT-qPCR) and construction of negative mutants of the rr genes were performed for LMD-9 S. thermophilus strain. We have shown that all LMD-9 response regulators were expressed in milk, at different levels and with different profiles of expression during growth. In mixed culture with Lactobacillus bulgaricus, the S. thermophilus partner in yoghurt, the expression of four LMD-9 rr increased; for two of them, rr02 and rr09, the increase reached a factor 6. These results indicate that Lb. bulgaricus induces regulatory changes in S. thermophilus and that S. thermophilus is able to adapt to these changes by probable fine tuning regulations. We constructed negative mutants for 7 out of 8 LMD-9 RRs and we showed that RR05 -an ortholog of B. subtilis YycF or S. aureus WalR- was essential for the optimum growth of S. thermophilus. For the 7 other RR, the absence of a single rr gene was not sufficient to notably impact the growth of LMD-9 in milk. The determination of the TCS06 regulon by post-genomics shows that TCS06 is involved in bacitracin resistance through the modulation of the rhamnose polysaccharide pathway.
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Benoît Thevenard. Implication des systèmes à deux composants dans les réponses de Streptococcus thermophilus à des changements environnementaux, dont la coculture avec Lactobacillus bulgaricus.. Sciences agricoles. AgroParisTech, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011AGPT0051⟩. ⟨pastel-00734426⟩

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