Study of dwell-effect on behaviour and fracture of the alloy Ti-6242

Abstract : The application of a dwell period, even of short length, during a cyclic loading, simultaneously changes the stress-strain behaviour and the number of cycles to failure in a very sensitive way. This phenomenon is connected to a cyclic creep regime, generating progressive deformation, and to a strong interaction between the fatigue process and dwell periods for the number of cycles to failure. All these phenomena are poorly analysed nowadays, so that engineers hardly perform optimal design of the components, since large security margins are necessary. The aim of the work is to better understand the local mechanisms which govern both behaviour and crack initiation, having in view optimal microstructures, and to calibrate manageable macroscopic models for the design department. Using an experimental data set given by Snecma and ENSMA, a multiscale approach has been developed to represent the local heterogeneities that play a significant role on observed behaviour. In the calculations of microstructures that are performed for a statistical evaluation, the focus is made on the explicit representation of the so called "plumes", that are grains of exceptional size, which are at the origin of the first microcracks due to crystal contrast they introduce with the environment. A review of various "plume" configurations is made, in order to investigate the most critical ones. This analysis allowed to shed the light on the presence of simple, double or triple "plumes", the domains being in band shapes. The critical parameters are the geometric arrangement of the band with respect to the direction of the macroscopic loading, but essentially the crystal orientation within this (these) band(s). Systematic calculations were carried out in order to do a statistical study and to determine the most critical configurations.
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Konstantin Kuzmenkov. Study of dwell-effect on behaviour and fracture of the alloy Ti-6242. Other. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2012. English. ⟨NNT : 2012ENMP0029⟩. ⟨pastel-00745834⟩

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