Modélisation d'un joint viscoplastique pour la filière hydrogène

Abstract : High Temperature Steam Electrolysis (HTSE), is one of the most promising processfor hydrogen production. In a hydrogen economy produced via HTSE, many problemshave to be overcome. One of them is related to sealing. Actually, in a HTSE, gasmanagement is very important. The behavior of the seal has to be predicted in time toavoid a deterioration of the performances. But, in a HTSE, the fuctioning temperaturesare important (typically around 800 °C), creep or relaxation may occur, the differencebetween the thermal expansion of the ceramic cells and the metallic interconnectorsmust be taken into account. Finally, the sealing has to be maintain with low effortsprotect the ceramic.This thesis started from the noticing that we don't have any designing tool for hightemperature seals that may help to foresee a leak rate. Since we have to change anyexperimental parameter, such as the temperature, the pressure, the loading strategy, thegeometry or the material of the seal, another experiment has to be done.From sealing tests and finite element modelisation, an original model is presented.This model that has been validated for different experimental parameters allows toestimate the leak rate of a Fecralloy (FeCrAl) seal depending on its shape, the loadingconditions and tightening time. This may help to design specific low cost seals for thedesired applications.
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 22, 2012 - 5:02:34 PM
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Laurent Peigat. Modélisation d'un joint viscoplastique pour la filière hydrogène. Autre. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012ENMP0035⟩. ⟨pastel-00756297⟩

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